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Review

Is There an Association between Sleep Disorders and Diabetic Foot? A Scoping Review

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Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Arquitecto Francisco Peñalosa, s/n, Ampliación Campus de Teatinos, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Department of Podiatry, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, University of Sevilla, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
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Medical School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Málaga, C/Jiménez Fraud 10, Edificio López de Peñalver, 29010 Málaga, Spain
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Department of Physiotherapy, University of Málaga, Arquitecto Francisco Peñalosa, s/n, Ampliación Campus de Teatinos, 29071 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Katrien Benhalima
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(11), 2530; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112530
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 3 June 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
Diabetic foot is associated with a low quality of life since physical disabilities, mood disturbances and psychological disorders are frequent. One of the most important biological processes to ensure quality of life is sleep. Sleep disorders can impair glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus or even cause long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to carry out a scoping review about the association between sleep cycle disorders and diabetic foot. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Library, SCIELO and EMBASE databases were chosen for the search and the following terms were used: “diabetic foot”,“sleep*”,“rest-activity”,“mood” and“behavior”. All the studies should include outcome variables about sleep and diabetic foot. Finally, 12 articles were selected, all of whichwere observational. The most frequent variables were those regarding diabetic foot ulcer aspects and diabetic neuropathy on one side, and obstructive sleep apnea, sleep duration and sleep quality on the other side. The results suggest that there is a possible association between obstructive sleep apnea and the presence or history of diabetic foot ulcers. No direct associations between sleep quality or sleep duration and diabetic foot or diabetic foot ulcer variables have been found. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetic foot; diabetic foot ulcer; diabetic neuropathy; sleep; obstructive sleep apnea diabetic foot; diabetic foot ulcer; diabetic neuropathy; sleep; obstructive sleep apnea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Torres, R.; Ruiz-Muñoz, M.; Pérez-Belloso, A.J.; García-Romero, J.; Gónzalez-Sánchez, M. Is There an Association between Sleep Disorders and Diabetic Foot? A Scoping Review. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2530. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112530

AMA Style

Fernández-Torres R, Ruiz-Muñoz M, Pérez-Belloso AJ, García-Romero J, Gónzalez-Sánchez M. Is There an Association between Sleep Disorders and Diabetic Foot? A Scoping Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(11):2530. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112530

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Torres, Raúl, María Ruiz-Muñoz, Ana J. Pérez-Belloso, Jerónimo García-Romero, and Manuel Gónzalez-Sánchez. 2021. "Is There an Association between Sleep Disorders and Diabetic Foot? A Scoping Review" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 11: 2530. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112530

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