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Article

Psychometric Characteristics of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Applied in the CENTER-TBI Study

1
Institute of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Waldweg 37A, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
2
Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Psychiatric Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Minervastrasse 145, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
3
Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD), University Hospital, LMU Munich, Feodor-Lynen-Straße 17, 81377 Munich, Germany
4
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LJ, UK
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Department of Biomedical Data Sciences, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
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Department of Neurosurgery, Antwerp University Hospital and University of Antwerp, 2650 Edegem, Belgium
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Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge/Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Box 157, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Shared last authorship.
The full list of the CENTER-TBI participants and investigators is provided in the Online Supplement.
Academic Editors: Rafael Badenes and Lindsay A. Farrer
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(11), 2396; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112396
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Traumatic Brain Injury: Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may lead to impairments in various outcome domains. Since most instruments assessing these are only available in a limited number of languages, psychometrically validated translations are important for research and clinical practice. Thus, our aim was to investigate the psychometric properties of the patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) applied in the CENTER-TBI study. The study sample comprised individuals who filled in the six-months assessments (GAD-7, PHQ-9, PCL-5, RPQ, QOLIBRI/-OS, SF-36v2/-12v2). Classical psychometric characteristics were investigated and compared with those of the original English versions. The reliability was satisfactory to excellent; the instruments were comparable to each other and to the original versions. Validity analyses demonstrated medium to high correlations with well-established measures. The original factor structure was replicated by all the translations, except for the RPQ, SF-36v2/-12v2 and some language samples for the PCL-5, most probably due to the factor structure of the original instruments. The translation of one to two items of the PHQ-9, RPQ, PCL-5, and QOLIBRI in three languages could be improved in the future to enhance scoring and application at the individual level. Researchers and clinicians now have access to reliable and valid instruments to improve outcome assessment after TBI in national and international health care. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychometric properties; patient-reported outcome measures; traumatic brain injury; classical test theory psychometric properties; patient-reported outcome measures; traumatic brain injury; classical test theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Steinbuechel, N.v.; Rauen, K.; Bockhop, F.; Covic, A.; Krenz, U.; Plass, A.M.; Cunitz, K.; Polinder, S.; Wilson, L.; Steyerberg, E.W.; Maas, A.I.R.; Menon, D.; Wu, Y.-J.; Zeldovich, M.; the CENTER-TBI Participants and Investigators. Psychometric Characteristics of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Applied in the CENTER-TBI Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 2396. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112396

AMA Style

Steinbuechel Nv, Rauen K, Bockhop F, Covic A, Krenz U, Plass AM, Cunitz K, Polinder S, Wilson L, Steyerberg EW, Maas AIR, Menon D, Wu Y-J, Zeldovich M, the CENTER-TBI Participants and Investigators. Psychometric Characteristics of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Applied in the CENTER-TBI Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(11):2396. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112396

Chicago/Turabian Style

Steinbuechel, Nicole v., Katrin Rauen, Fabian Bockhop, Amra Covic, Ugne Krenz, Anne M. Plass, Katrin Cunitz, Suzanne Polinder, Lindsay Wilson, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Andrew I.R. Maas, David Menon, Yi-Jhen Wu, Marina Zeldovich, and the CENTER-TBI Participants and Investigators. 2021. "Psychometric Characteristics of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Applied in the CENTER-TBI Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 11: 2396. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112396

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