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Membranes 2017, 7(3), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes7030047

Past, Present and Future of Surgical Meshes: A Review

1
Centro de Innovación en Diseño y Tecnología, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey, Monterrey 64849, Mexico
2
Escuela de Medicina, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey, Monterrey 64849, Mexico
3
Departments of Biology and Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA
4
Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 17 August 2017 / Published: 22 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological, Biomimetic, and Biomedical Applications of Membranes)
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Abstract

Surgical meshes, in particular those used to repair hernias, have been in use since 1891. Since then, research in the area has expanded, given the vast number of post-surgery complications such as infection, fibrosis, adhesions, mesh rejection, and hernia recurrence. Researchers have focused on the analysis and implementation of a wide range of materials: meshes with different fiber size and porosity, a variety of manufacturing methods, and certainly a variety of surgical and implantation procedures. Currently, surface modification methods and development of nanofiber based systems are actively being explored as areas of opportunity to retain material strength and increase biocompatibility of available meshes. This review summarizes the history of surgical meshes and presents an overview of commercial surgical meshes, their properties, manufacturing methods, and observed biological response, as well as the requirements for an ideal surgical mesh and potential manufacturing methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: surgical mesh; hernia repair; abdominal wall reconstruction; biocompatibility surgical mesh; hernia repair; abdominal wall reconstruction; biocompatibility
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Baylón, K.; Rodríguez-Camarillo, P.; Elías-Zúñiga, A.; Díaz-Elizondo, J.A.; Gilkerson, R.; Lozano, K. Past, Present and Future of Surgical Meshes: A Review. Membranes 2017, 7, 47.

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