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Solidification Behavior of Polymer Solution during Membrane Preparation by Thermally Induced Phase Separation

Center for Membrane and Film Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
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Membranes 2014, 4(1), 113-122; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes4010113
Received: 10 January 2014 / Revised: 10 February 2014 / Accepted: 14 February 2014 / Published: 28 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from AMS8 Conference (July 2013, Xi’an, China))
The solidification behavior of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) solution during membrane preparation by thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) was investigated. Apparatus newly developed in our laboratory was used to quantitatively measure membrane stiffness during phase separation. In this apparatus, a cooling polymer solution, placed on a stage, is moved upwards and the surface of the polymer solution contacts a sphere attached to the tip of a needle. The displacement of a blade spring attached to the needle is then measured by a laser displacement sensor. Different phase separation modes, such as liquid-liquid (L-L) phase separation and solid-liquid (S-L) phase separation (polymer crystallization) were investigated. In the case of S-L phase separation, the stiffness of the solution surface began to increase significantly just before termination of crystallization. In contrast, L-L phase separation delayed solidification of the solution. This was because mutual contact of the spherulites was obstructed by droplets of polymer-lean phase formed during L-L phase separation. Thus, the solidification rate was slower for the L-L phase separation system than for the S-L phase separation system. View Full-Text
Keywords: solidification rate; membrane preparation process; thermally induced phase separation; poly(vinylidene fluoride) solidification rate; membrane preparation process; thermally induced phase separation; poly(vinylidene fluoride)
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Ishigami, T.; Nii, Y.; Ohmukai, Y.; Rajabzadeh, S.; Matsuyama, H. Solidification Behavior of Polymer Solution during Membrane Preparation by Thermally Induced Phase Separation. Membranes 2014, 4, 113-122.

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