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Article

Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials

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Chitkara University Institute of Engineering & Technology, Chitkara University, Rajpura 140401, India
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Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar 144001, India
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Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 37848, Saudi Arabia
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Higher Polytechnic School, Universidad Europea del Atlántico, C/Isabel Torres 21, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Project Management, Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana, Campeche 24560, Mexico
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Faculty of Applied Computing and Technology, Noroff University College, 0459 Kristiansand, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Caterina Rizzo
Vaccines 2021, 9(11), 1239; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9111239
Received: 3 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 25 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination)
The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected almost all facets of peoples’ lives, various economic areas and regions of the world. In such a situation implementation of a vaccination can be viewed as essential but its success will be dependent on availability and transparency in the distribution process that will be shared among the stakeholders. Various distributed ledgers (DLTs) such as blockchain provide an open, public, immutable system that has numerous applications due the mentioned abilities. In this paper the authors have proposed a solution based on blockchain to increase the security and transparency in the tracing of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Smart contracts have been developed to monitor the supply, distribution of vaccination vials. The proposed solution will help to generate a tamper-proof and secure environment for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Proof of delivery is used as a consensus mechanism for the proposed solution. A feedback feature is also implemented in order to track the vials lot in case of any side effect cause to the patient. The authors have implemented and tested the proposed solution using Ethereum test network, RinkeyBy, MetaMask, one clicks DApp. The proposed solution shows promising results in terms of throughput and scalability. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; COVID-19; vaccine supply; transparency; Ethereum; smart contract blockchain; COVID-19; vaccine supply; transparency; Ethereum; smart contract
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chauhan, H.; Gupta, D.; Gupta, S.; Singh, A.; Aljahdali, H.M.; Goyal, N.; Noya, I.D.; Kadry, S. Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials. Vaccines 2021, 9, 1239. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9111239

AMA Style

Chauhan H, Gupta D, Gupta S, Singh A, Aljahdali HM, Goyal N, Noya ID, Kadry S. Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials. Vaccines. 2021; 9(11):1239. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9111239

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chauhan, Harsha, Deepali Gupta, Sheifali Gupta, Aman Singh, Hani M. Aljahdali, Nitin Goyal, Irene D. Noya, and Seifedine Kadry. 2021. "Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials" Vaccines 9, no. 11: 1239. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9111239

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