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Open AccessArticle

Sweet Cherry Byproducts Processed by Green Extraction Techniques as a Source of Bioactive Compounds with Antiaging Properties

1
Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular (IBMC) and Instituto de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación en Biotecnología Sanitaria de Elche (IDiBE), Universitas Miguel Hernández (UMH), 03202 Elche, Spain
2
Research and Development Functional Food Centre (CIDAF), Health Science Technological Park, Avenida del Conocimiento 37, BioRegión Building, 18016 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain
4
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
5
CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors shared author co-seniorship.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(5), 418; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050418
Received: 19 April 2020 / Revised: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 10 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants and Skin Protection)
In the cosmetic industry, there is a continuous demand for new and innovative ingredients for product development. In the context of continual renovation, both cosmetic companies and customers are particularly interested in compounds derived from natural sources due to their multiple benefits. In this study, novel and green-extractive techniques (pressurized solvent, supercritical CO2, and subcritical water extractions) were used to obtain three new extracts from sweet cherry stems, a byproduct generated by the food industry. The extracts were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS), and 57 compounds, mainly flavonoids but also organic and phenolic acids, fatty acids, and terpenes, were identified. After analytical characterization, a multistep screening approach, including antioxidant, enzymatic, and photoprotective cellular studies, was used to select the best extract according to its benefits of interest to the cosmetics industry. The extract obtained with supercritical CO2 presented the best characteristics, including a wide antioxidant capacity, especially against lipid peroxyl and OH free radicals, as well as relevant photoprotective action and antiaging properties, making it a potential new ingredient for consideration in the development of new cosmetics. View Full-Text
Keywords: sweet cherry; byproduct; natural extract; antioxidant; cosmetic; HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS sweet cherry; byproduct; natural extract; antioxidant; cosmetic; HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Agulló-Chazarra, L.; Borrás-Linares, I.; Lozano-Sánchez, J.; Segura-Carretero, A.; Micol, V.; Herranz-López, M.; Barrajón-Catalán, E. Sweet Cherry Byproducts Processed by Green Extraction Techniques as a Source of Bioactive Compounds with Antiaging Properties. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 418.

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