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The Counteracting Effects of Exercise on High-Fat Diet-Induced Memory Impairment: A Systematic Review

1
Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS 38677, USA
2
Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science, College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3
Research Centre of Brain Function and Psychological Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
4
Shenzhen Institute of Neuroscience, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(6), 145; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9060145
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 17 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
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Abstract

The objective of the present review was to evaluate whether exercise can counteract a potential high-fat diet-induced memory impairment effect. The evaluated databases included: Google Scholar, Sports Discus, Embase/PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychInfo. Studies were included if: (1) an experimental/intervention study was conducted, (2) the experiment/intervention included both a high-fat diet and exercise group, and evaluated whether exercise could counteract the negative effects of a high-fat diet on memory, and (3) evaluated memory function (any type) as the outcome measure. In total, 17 articles met the inclusionary criteria. All 17 studies (conducted in rodents) demonstrated that the high-fat diet protocol impaired memory function and all 17 studies demonstrated a counteracting effect with chronic exercise engagement. Mechanisms of these robust effects are discussed herein. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytokines; hippocampal neurogenesis; inflammation; insulin resistance; obesity cytokines; hippocampal neurogenesis; inflammation; insulin resistance; obesity
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Loprinzi, P.D.; Ponce, P.; Zou, L.; Li, H. The Counteracting Effects of Exercise on High-Fat Diet-Induced Memory Impairment: A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 145.

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