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Open AccessPerspective

New Directions in Exercise Prescription: Is There a Role for Brain-Derived Parameters Obtained by Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy?

1
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty, Otto von Guericke University, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
2
Research Group Neuroprotection, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Leipziger Str. 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
3
Department Performance, Neuroscience, Therapy and Health, MSH Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences and Medical University, Am Kaiserkai 1, 20457 Hamburg, Germany
4
Department of Neonatology, Biomedical Optics Research Laboratory, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
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Institute for Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
6
ETH Zurich, Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
7
Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences (CBBS), Universitätsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
8
German University for Health and Sports, (DHGS), Vulkanstraße 1, 10367 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(6), 342; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10060342
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studying Brain Activity in Sports Performance)
In the literature, it is well established that regular physical exercise is a powerful strategy to promote brain health and to improve cognitive performance. However, exact knowledge about which exercise prescription would be optimal in the setting of exercise–cognition science is lacking. While there is a strong theoretical rationale for using indicators of internal load (e.g., heart rate) in exercise prescription, the most suitable parameters have yet to be determined. In this perspective article, we discuss the role of brain-derived parameters (e.g., brain activity) as valuable indicators of internal load which can be beneficial for individualizing the exercise prescription in exercise–cognition research. Therefore, we focus on the application of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), since this neuroimaging modality provides specific advantages, making it well suited for monitoring cortical hemodynamics as a proxy of brain activity during physical exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognition; personalized training; personalized medicine; exercise prescription cognition; personalized training; personalized medicine; exercise prescription
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herold, F.; Gronwald, T.; Scholkmann, F.; Zohdi, H.; Wyser, D.; Müller, N.G.; Hamacher, D. New Directions in Exercise Prescription: Is There a Role for Brain-Derived Parameters Obtained by Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy? Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 342. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10060342

AMA Style

Herold F, Gronwald T, Scholkmann F, Zohdi H, Wyser D, Müller NG, Hamacher D. New Directions in Exercise Prescription: Is There a Role for Brain-Derived Parameters Obtained by Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy? Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(6):342. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10060342

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herold, Fabian; Gronwald, Thomas; Scholkmann, Felix; Zohdi, Hamoon; Wyser, Dominik; Müller, Notger G.; Hamacher, Dennis. 2020. "New Directions in Exercise Prescription: Is There a Role for Brain-Derived Parameters Obtained by Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy?" Brain Sci. 10, no. 6: 342. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10060342

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