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Open AccessArticle

Transcriptome Analysis of Alcohol Drinking in Non-Dependent and Dependent Mice Following Repeated Cycles of Forced Swim Stress Exposure

1
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
2
Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA
3
Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
4
Charleston Alcohol Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 28425, USA
5
Department of Neuroscience, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
6
Department of Neuroscience, Medical University of South, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
7
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC 20401, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(5), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10050275
Received: 13 March 2020 / Revised: 22 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
Chronic stress is a known contributing factor to the development of drug and alcohol addiction. Animal models have previously shown that repeated forced swim stress promotes escalated alcohol consumption in dependent animals. To investigate the underlying molecular adaptations associated with stress and chronic alcohol exposure, RNA-sequencing and bioinformatics analyses were conducted on the prefrontal cortex (CTX) of male C57BL/6J mice that were behaviorally tested for either non-dependent alcohol consumption (CTL), chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) vapor dependent alcohol consumption, repeated bouts of forced swim stress alone (FSS), and chronic intermittent ethanol with forced swim stress (CIE + FSS). Brain tissue from each group was collected at 0-h, 72-h, and 168-h following the final test to determine long-lasting molecular changes associated with maladaptive behavior. Our results demonstrate unique temporal patterns and persistent changes in coordinately regulated gene expression systems with respect to the tested behavioral group. For example, increased expression of genes involved in “transmitter-gated ion channel activity” was only determined for CIE + FSS. Overall, our results provide a summary of transcriptomic adaptations across time within the CTX that are relevant to understanding the neurobiology of chronic alcohol exposure and stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol drinking; dependence; stress; RNA-Sequencing; prefrontal cortex; mouse alcohol drinking; dependence; stress; RNA-Sequencing; prefrontal cortex; mouse
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Farris, S.P.; Tiwari, G.R.; Ponomareva, O.; Lopez, M.F.; Mayfield, R.D.; Becker, H.C. Transcriptome Analysis of Alcohol Drinking in Non-Dependent and Dependent Mice Following Repeated Cycles of Forced Swim Stress Exposure. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 275.

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