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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(8), 1574; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9081574

Dye Adsorbent Materials Based on Porous Ceramics from Glass Fiber-Reinforced Plastic and Clay

1
Department of Engineering, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
2
Student in Engineering Department, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
3
Graduate School of Engineering, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 February 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramic Composites and Films)
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Abstract

We investigated the use of waste glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) to remove dye from industrial wastewater. The dye adsorbent material, based on GFRP/clay ceramics, was produced by mixing crushed GFRP with clay and firing the resulting mixture. Several types of ceramics were produced by adjusting the mixing ratio of clay, crushed 40% GF/GFRP, and firing atmosphere. Adsorption tests with methylene blue (MB) dye were performed by mixing the ceramics into an MB solution while controlling the stirring speed and measuring the decrease in MB dye concentration over time. These results showed that GFRP/clay ceramics reductively fired at 1073 K had a higher MB dye adsorption ability than that of the clay ceramic. The MB dye absorptivity of the reductively fired ceramics increased as we increased the mixing ratio of GFRP. We attribute this result to the high plastic carbide content in the ceramic, which has excellent dye absorbability. Furthermore, these particles had a comparatively high specific surface area and porosity. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste GFRP; recycling; ceramics; dye wastewater; methylene blue dye; adsorbent waste GFRP; recycling; ceramics; dye wastewater; methylene blue dye; adsorbent
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yasui, K.; Sasaki, K.; Ikeda, N.; Kinoshita, H. Dye Adsorbent Materials Based on Porous Ceramics from Glass Fiber-Reinforced Plastic and Clay. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1574.

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