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Users Empowered in Smart Grid Development? Assumptions and Up-To-Date Knowledge

Wageningen University & Research, Knowledge, Technology and Innovation, P.O. Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(5), 815;
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 18 February 2019 / Accepted: 19 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
PDF [215 KB, uploaded 26 February 2019]


Active involvement of users in smart grids is often seen as key to beneficial development of smart grids. In this paper, we investigate the diverse assumptions about how and why users should be active and to what extent these assumptions are supported by experiences in practice. We present the findings of a systematic literature review on four distinctive forms of user involvement in actual smart grid projects: demand shifting, energy saving, co-design, and co-provision. The state-of-the-art knowledge reflects the preoccupation with demand shifting in the actual smart grid development. Little is known about the other user roles. More diversity in types of projects regarding user roles would improve the knowledge base for important decisions defining the future of smart grids. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grids; users; demand management; renewable energy transition smart grids; users; demand management; renewable energy transition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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van Mierlo, B. Users Empowered in Smart Grid Development? Assumptions and Up-To-Date Knowledge. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 815.

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