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Evaluation of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Neuromuscular Activation Through Electromyographic Pattern of Vastus Lateralis Muscle and on Range of Motion of Knees in Metabolic Syndrome: A Quasi-Randomized Cross-Over Controlled Trial

1
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20.551-030, Brazil
2
Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas, Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes e Policlínica Américo Piquet Carneiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20950-003, Brazil
3
Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro 23052-180, Brazil
4
Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20950-003, Brazil
5
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20.551-030, Brazil
6
Departamento de Estatística, Instituto de Matemática e Estatística, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20550-900, Brazil
7
Departamento de Nutrição, Instituto de Nutrição e Policlínica Américo Piquet Carneiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20550-900, Brazil
8
Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina 39.100.000, Brazil
9
Centro Universitário de Franca, Franca 14401-426, SP, Brazil
10
GRESPI, Université de Reims, 51100 Reims, France
11
Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Experimental laboratory for Auxo-endocrinological Research, Division of Metabolic Diseases & Auxology, 28824 Verbania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 4997; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9234997
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomechanical Spectrum of Human Sport Performance)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related to overweight and obesity, and contributes to clinical limitations. Exercise is used for the management of MetS individuals, who are often not motivated to perform this practice. Whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) produces several biological effects, besides being safe, effective, and feasible for MetS individuals. This pseudo-randomized and cross-over controlled trial study aimed to analyze the effects of WBVE on MetS individuals’ neuromuscular activation using the surface electromyography (sEMG) pattern (root mean square (RMS)) of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle and on the range of motion (ROM) of the knees. Participants (n = 39) were allocated to two groups: the treatment group (TG), which was exposed to WBVE, and the control group (CG). WBVE interventions were performed twice a week, for a period of 5 weeks. ROM and sEMG were analyzed at baseline, after the first session, and before and after the last session. sEMG (%RMS) significantly increased in the acute effect of the last session of WBVE (108.00 ± 5.07, p < 0.008, right leg; 106.20 ± 3.53, p < 0.02, left leg) compared to the CG. ROM did not significantly change in TG or CG. In conclusion, 5 weeks of WBVE exerted neuromuscular effects capable of increasing VL muscle RMS in individuals with MetS, this effect being potentially useful in the physical rehabilitation of these individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; whole body vibration exercise; range of motion of the knees; surface electromyographic pattern; neuromuscular activation; biomechanics metabolic syndrome; whole body vibration exercise; range of motion of the knees; surface electromyographic pattern; neuromuscular activation; biomechanics
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Sousa-Gonçalves, C.R.; Paineiras-Domingos, L.L.; Teixeira-Silva, Y.; Amadeu, T.; Lírio, A.P.S.; Francisca-Santos, A.; De Souza, L.F.F.; Pereira, M.J.S.; Melo-Oliveira, M.E.S.; Meirelles, A.G.; Guimarães-Lourenço, G.M.; Reis-Silva, A.; Moreira-Marconi, E.; Moura-Fernandes, M.C.; Xavier, V.L.; Mulder, A.R.P.; Lacerda, A.C.R.; Mendonça, V.A.; Bachur, J.A.; Taiar, R.; Sartorio, A.; Sá-Caputo, D.C.; Bernardo-Filho, M. Evaluation of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Neuromuscular Activation Through Electromyographic Pattern of Vastus Lateralis Muscle and on Range of Motion of Knees in Metabolic Syndrome: A Quasi-Randomized Cross-Over Controlled Trial. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4997.

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