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Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercises on Parameters Related to the Sleep Quality in Metabolic Syndrome Individuals: A Clinical Trial Study

1
Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20950-003, Brazil
2
Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas, Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes e Policlínica Piquet Carneiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20950-003, Brazil
3
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Hospital Central da Polícia Militar, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20211-270, Brazil
4
Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 23052-180, Brazil
5
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20551-030, Brazil
6
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20550-900, Brazil
7
Cursos de Medicina e Fisioterapia da Universidade de Franca, Franca, SP 14401-426, Brazil
8
Departamento de Estatística, Instituto de Matemática e Estatística, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20550-900, Brazil
9
Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís do Maranhão, MA 65080-805, Brazil
10
Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, MG 39100-000, Brazil
11
Programa de Pós-graduação em Fisioterapia, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC 88080-350, Brazil
12
GRESPI, Université de Reims, 51100 Reims, France
13
Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Experimental Laboratory for Auxo-Endocrinological Research, Division of Metabolic Diseases & Auxology, 28824 Milan and Verbania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5183; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235183
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 11 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomechanical Spectrum of Human Sport Performance)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an undesirable clinical condition with physiological, biochemical, clinical, and metabolic factors that contribute to increased cardiovascular risks (CR). A poor sleep quality might be found in obese and MetS individuals. Whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise has been used on the management of MetS individuals. This clinical trial investigated the effect of WBV exercise on parameters related to the sleep quality in MetS individuals. After randomization, nine individuals (seven women and two men) were exposed to a fixed frequency (FF) and ten individuals (eight women and two men) were exposed to a variable frequency (VF). Both groups performed the protocol twice a week, for 6 weeks. All of the evaluations were performed before the first and after the last sessions. Anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters were measured before and after the 6-week intervention. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Berlin Questionnaire were also used to evaluate the quality of the sleep. A significant (p ≤ 0.05) reduction of the waist circumference in the VFG and an increase of the heart rate were found in the FFG and VFG group. The score of the PSQI of the both groups decreased significantly (p = 0.01). The score of the ESS decreased (p = 0.04) only in the VF group. The scores of the Berlin Questionnaire were not altered in both groups. In conclusion, WBV intervention was capable in interfering with physiological mechanisms with effects on the WC and HR, leading to the improvement of the quality of sleep in MetS individuals. WBV exercise might be an important clinical intervention to the management of some factors associated with poor quality of sleep (FFG and VFG) and in the daytime sleepiness in MetS individuals with variable frequencies (5–16 Hz) (VFG). View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; sleep quality; whole-body vibration exercise; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Berlin Questionnaire metabolic syndrome; sleep quality; whole-body vibration exercise; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Berlin Questionnaire
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MDPI and ACS Style

Figueiredo Azeredo, C.; de Castro de Paiva, P.; Azeredo, L.; Reis da Silva, A.; Francisca-Santos, A.; Liane Paineiras-Domingos, L.; Lírio Pereira da Silva, A.; Leite Bernardes-Oliveira, C.; Pessanha-Freitas, J.; Moura-Fernandes, M.C.; Guimarães Mendonça, R.; Alexandre Bachur, J.; Teixeira-Silva, Y.; Moreira-Marconi, E.; de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, E.; Bessa Monteiro de Oliveira, B.; Fritsch Neves, M.; Felipe Ferreira-Souza, L.; Layter Xavier, V.; Lago Borges, D.; Lacerda, A.C.; Amaral Mendonça, V.; Sonza, A.; Taiar, R.; Sartorio, A.; Bernardo-Filho, M.; da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, D. Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercises on Parameters Related to the Sleep Quality in Metabolic Syndrome Individuals: A Clinical Trial Study. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5183. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235183

AMA Style

Figueiredo Azeredo C, de Castro de Paiva P, Azeredo L, Reis da Silva A, Francisca-Santos A, Liane Paineiras-Domingos L, Lírio Pereira da Silva A, Leite Bernardes-Oliveira C, Pessanha-Freitas J, Moura-Fernandes MC, Guimarães Mendonça R, Alexandre Bachur J, Teixeira-Silva Y, Moreira-Marconi E, de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar E, Bessa Monteiro de Oliveira B, Fritsch Neves M, Felipe Ferreira-Souza L, Layter Xavier V, Lago Borges D, Lacerda AC, Amaral Mendonça V, Sonza A, Taiar R, Sartorio A, Bernardo-Filho M, da Cunha de Sá-Caputo D. Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercises on Parameters Related to the Sleep Quality in Metabolic Syndrome Individuals: A Clinical Trial Study. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(23):5183. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Figueiredo Azeredo, Claudia; de Castro de Paiva, Patrícia; Azeredo, Leandro; Reis da Silva, Aline; Francisca-Santos, Arlete; Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa; Lírio Pereira da Silva, Adriana; Leite Bernardes-Oliveira, Camila; Pessanha-Freitas, Juliana; Moura-Fernandes, Márcia C.; Guimarães Mendonça, Rubens; Alexandre Bachur, José; Teixeira-Silva, Ygor; Moreira-Marconi, Eloá; de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Eliane; Bessa Monteiro de Oliveira, Bruno; Fritsch Neves, Mário; Felipe Ferreira-Souza, Luiz; Layter Xavier, Vinicius; Lago Borges, Daniel; Lacerda, Ana C.; Amaral Mendonça, Vanessa; Sonza, Anelise; Taiar, Redha; Sartorio, Alessandro; Bernardo-Filho, Mario; da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Danúbia. 2019. "Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercises on Parameters Related to the Sleep Quality in Metabolic Syndrome Individuals: A Clinical Trial Study" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 23: 5183. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235183

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