Detection and Tracking of Moving Pedestrians with a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
AbstractSmall unmanned aircraft vehicles (SUAVs) or drones are very useful for visual detection and tracking due to their efficiency in capturing scenes. This paper addresses the detection and tracking of moving pedestrians with an SUAV. The detection step consists of frame subtraction, followed by thresholding, morphological filter, and false alarm reduction, taking into consideration the true size of targets. The center of the detected area is input to the next tracking stage. Interacting multiple model (IMM) filtering estimates the state of vectors and covariance matrices, using multiple modes of Kalman filtering. In the experiments, a dozen people and one car are captured by a stationary drone above the road. The Kalman filter and the IMM filter with two or three modes are compared in the accuracy of the state estimation. The root-mean squared errors (RMSE) of position and velocity are obtained for each target and show the good accuracy in detecting and tracking the target position—the average detection rate is 96.5%. When the two-mode IMM filter is used, the minimum average position and velocity RMSE obtained are around 0.8 m and 0.59 m/s, respectively. View Full-Text
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Yeom, S.; Cho, I.-J. Detection and Tracking of Moving Pedestrians with a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3359.
Yeom S, Cho I-J. Detection and Tracking of Moving Pedestrians with a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(16):3359.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yeom, Seokwon; Cho, In-Jun. 2019. "Detection and Tracking of Moving Pedestrians with a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 16: 3359.
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