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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Phthalates Exposure and Occupational Symptoms among Slovakian Hairdressing Apprentices

1
Department of Zoology and Anthropology, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
2
Department of Mathematics, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia
3
Institute of Biophysics, Informatics and Biostatistics, Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, 833 03 Bratislava, Slovakia
4
Department of Environmental Medicine, Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, 833 03 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(16), 3321; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9163321
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomarkers and Human Biomonitoring in Occupational Medicine)
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PDF [263 KB, uploaded 13 August 2019]

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to examine occupational exposure to phthalates of hairdressing apprentices from Slovakia (n = 74, 89.2% females; 10.8% males), outcomes related to body composition and pulmonary functions. We used high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry to the quantified urinary concentration of phthalates. Pulmonary function test (PFT), anthropometric measurements, and questionnaire were also conducted. We observed a decrease of % of predicted values of forced vital capacity (FVC% of PV) related exposure to mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP; p = 0.054) and sum of bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate metabolites (∑DEHP; p = 0.037), and a decrease of % of predicted values of vital capacity (VC% of PV) related to exposure to MEOHP, ∑DEHP (p = 0.008), and mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP; p = 0.014) in females. We detected associations between forced vital capacity (FVC) with weight (p = 0.002) and fat-free mass index (FFMI, p = 0.010). Vital capacity (VC) and VC% of PV increased with weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), the waist-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass index (FMI) and FFMI in females (p ≤ 0.014). Results of multivariate regression between PFT and anthropometric parameters adjusted to phthalates indicated exposure to MnBP and MEHP, changing body structure (BMI and FMI), subsequently affecting values of FEV1/FVC. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomonitoring; phthalates; health; hairdressing apprentice; pulmonary function; occupational exposure biomonitoring; phthalates; health; hairdressing apprentice; pulmonary function; occupational exposure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kolena, B.; Petrovicova, I.; Sidlovska, M.; Hlisnikova, H.; Tomasovova, E.; Zoldakova, V.; Trajtelova, H.; Rybansky, L.; Wimmerova, S.; Trnovec, T. Phthalates Exposure and Occupational Symptoms among Slovakian Hairdressing Apprentices. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3321.

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