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Perspectives in Liquid-Crystal-Aided Nanotechnology and Nanoscience

School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2512; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9122512
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Nanotechnology and Applied Nanosciences)
The research field of liquid crystals and their applications is recently changing from being largely focused on display applications and optical shutter elements in various fields, to quite novel and diverse applications in the area of nanotechnology and nanoscience. Functional nanoparticles have recently been used to a significant extent to modify the physical properties of liquid crystals by the addition of ferroelectric and magnetic particles of different shapes, such as arbitrary and spherical, rods, wires and discs. Also, particles influencing optical properties are increasingly popular, such as quantum dots, plasmonic, semiconductors and metamaterials. The self-organization of liquid crystals is exploited to order templates and orient nanoparticles. Similarly, nanoparticles such as rods, nanotubes and graphene oxide are shown to form lyotropic liquid crystal phases in the presence of isotropic host solvents. These effects lead to a wealth of novel applications, many of which will be reviewed in this publication. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid crystal; ferroelectric nanoparticle; quantum dot; graphene oxide liquid crystal; ferroelectric nanoparticle; quantum dot; graphene oxide
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Shen, Y.; Dierking, I. Perspectives in Liquid-Crystal-Aided Nanotechnology and Nanoscience. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2512.

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