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Article

Chemical Profiling of Limonium vulgare Mill. Using UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MS2 and GC-MS Analysis

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LAQV-REQUIMTE & Department of Chemistry, Campus de Santiago, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences, 64295 Darmstadt, Germany
3
CESAM & Department of Biology, Campus de Santiago, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Catarina Guerreiro Pereira
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(13), 6384; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136384
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Halophytes Plants)
Limonium vulgare Mill. is a plant growing widely in harsh environments, such as salt marshes, for which a chemical profile is still unknown, although some interesting bioactivities were already reported. So, this halophyte chemical profile must be established to find the possible bioactive compounds, valorize the species, and contribute to the salt marsh’s exploitation. This work set the chemical profile of L. vulgare’s aerial parts (leaves and inflorescences) using UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MS2 and GC-MS analysis. The lipophilic profile showed a richness in fatty acids, alkanes, and terpenoids, β-sitosterol being the major compound in inflorescences in the fruiting stage (0.822 ± 0.015 mg/g of the dry plant) and leaves (0.534 ± 0.017 mg/g of the dry plant). In contrast, in the inflorescences in the flowering stage, the major compound is nonacosane (0.228 ± 0.001 mg/g of the dry plant). The polyphenolic profile demonstrates that L. vulgare produces several flavonoids from which quercetin and myricetin can be highlighted; in particular, myricetin derivatives are prevalent in all extracts. Amongst the flavonoids, myricetin 3-rhamnoside is the most abundant in the inflorescences in the flowering stage (6.35 ± 0.05 mg/g of the dry plant), myricetin in leaves (9.69 ± 0.11 mg/g of the dry plant), and in the inflorescences in the fruiting stage baicalin presents the highest amount (5.15 ± 0.07 mg/g of the dry plant). This is the first report on L. vulgare’s chemical profile and the results indicate that this species is an exciting source of bioactive compounds, suggesting it has a use to produce nutraceuticals and/or pharmaceuticals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Limonium vulgare; chemical profile; secondary metabolites; UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn; GC-MS; flavonoids; tocopherols; β-sitosterol Limonium vulgare; chemical profile; secondary metabolites; UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn; GC-MS; flavonoids; tocopherols; β-sitosterol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carius, B.; Silva, H.; Silva, A.M.S.; Pinto, D.C.G.A. Chemical Profiling of Limonium vulgare Mill. Using UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MS2 and GC-MS Analysis. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 6384. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136384

AMA Style

Carius B, Silva H, Silva AMS, Pinto DCGA. Chemical Profiling of Limonium vulgare Mill. Using UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MS2 and GC-MS Analysis. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(13):6384. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136384

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carius, Benedict, Helena Silva, Artur M. S. Silva, and Diana C. G. A. Pinto. 2022. "Chemical Profiling of Limonium vulgare Mill. Using UHPLC-DAD-ESI/MS2 and GC-MS Analysis" Applied Sciences 12, no. 13: 6384. https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136384

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