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The Facial Reconstruction of a Mesolithic Dog, Muge, Portugal

Ortogonline Treinamento em Desenvolvimento Profissional e Consultoria Ltda, 78557-682 Sinop, Brazil
Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
Veterinary and Animal Research Centre (CECAV), Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
Associate Laboratory for Animal and Veterinary Sciences (AL4AnimalS), 2825-466 Setúbal, Portugal
Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal (CIISA), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon, 1300-477 Lisbon, Portugal
BIOPOLIS-CIBIO-InBIO-Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos-ArchGen Group, Universidade do Porto, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal
Departamento de História, UNIARQ-Centro de Arqueologia da Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa, Universidade de Lisboa, 1600-214 Lisboa, Portugal
Memoriam-Museu Geológico (LNEG), Rua da Academia das Ciências, 1249-280 Lisboa, Portugal
LARC/DGPC-Laboratório de Arqueociências, Direcção Geral do Património Cultural, 1300-418 Lisboa, Portugal
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mauro Lo Brutto
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(10), 4867;
Received: 7 April 2022 / Revised: 28 April 2022 / Accepted: 29 April 2022 / Published: 11 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Virtual Reconstruction for Archaeological Sites)
This paper presents the facial reconstruction of a Mesolithic dog whose skeleton was recovered from the Muge shell middens (Portugal) in the 19th century. We used the anatomical deformation approach based on a collection of computer tomography images as an attempt to reconstruct the Muge dog’s head appearance. We faced a few challenges due to the level of bone displacement and the absence of some cranium anatomical parts, as well as accurate information on soft tissue thickness for modern dogs. This multidisciplinary study combined anatomical, veterinary, zooarchaeological, artistic and graphic aspects to allow for the facial reconstruction of the Muge dog. Albeit an approximation, it confers a recognition to this prehistoric finding. View Full-Text
Keywords: facial reconstruction; anatomical deformation technique; Canis lupus familiaris; Mesolithic Iberian dog; ancient dog facial reconstruction; anatomical deformation technique; Canis lupus familiaris; Mesolithic Iberian dog; ancient dog
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moraes, C.; Pereira, H.M.; Requicha, J.F.; Alves, L.; Alexandre-Pires, G.; de Jesus, S.; Guimarães, S.; Ginja, C.; Detry, C.; Ramalho, M.; Pires, A.E. The Facial Reconstruction of a Mesolithic Dog, Muge, Portugal. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 4867.

AMA Style

Moraes C, Pereira HM, Requicha JF, Alves L, Alexandre-Pires G, de Jesus S, Guimarães S, Ginja C, Detry C, Ramalho M, Pires AE. The Facial Reconstruction of a Mesolithic Dog, Muge, Portugal. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(10):4867.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moraes, Cicero, Hugo M. Pereira, João F. Requicha, Lara Alves, Graça Alexandre-Pires, Sandra de Jesus, Silvia Guimarães, Catarina Ginja, Cleia Detry, Miguel Ramalho, and Ana E. Pires. 2022. "The Facial Reconstruction of a Mesolithic Dog, Muge, Portugal" Applied Sciences 12, no. 10: 4867.

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