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Article

PetroBlock: A Blockchain-Based Payment Mechanism for Fueling Smart Vehicles

1
Department of Computer Engineering, Jeju National University, Jejusi 63243, Korea
2
College of CIT, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Electronic Engineering, Jeju National University, Jejusi 63243, Korea
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Computer Science, Robotics and Internet of Things Lab of Prince Sultan University, Riyadh 12435, Saudi Arabia
5
Center of Excellence in Information Assurance (CoEIA), King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Computer Science, Guelma University, BP 401, Guelma 24000, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Gianluca Lax, Roberto Tonelli, Marco Ortu and Andrea Pinna
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 3055; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073055
Received: 16 December 2020 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 24 March 2021 / Published: 29 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Blockchain Technology and Applications II)
Current developments in information technology and increased inclination towards smart cities have led to the initiation of a plethora of features by technology-oriented companies (i.e., car manufacturers) to improve users’ privacy and comfort. The invention of smart vehicle technology paved the way for the excessive use of machine-to-machine technologies. Moreover, third-party sharing of financial services are also introduced that support machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. These monetary systems’ prime focus is on improving reliability and security; however, they overlook aspects like behaviors and users’ need. For instance, people often hand over their bank cards or share their credentials with their colleagues to withdraw money on their behalf. Such behaviors may originate issues about privacy and security that can have severe losses for the card owner. This paper presents a novel blockchain-based strategy for payment of fueling of smart cars without any human interaction while maintaining transparency, privacy, and trust. The proposed system is capable of data sharing among the users of the system while securing sensitive information. Moreover, we also provide a blockchain-based secure privacy-preserving strategy for payment of fueling among the fuel seller and buyer without human intervention. Furthermore, we have also analytically evaluated several experiments to determine the proposed blockchain platform’s usability and efficiency. Lastly, we harness Hyperledger Caliper to assess the proposed system’s performance in terms of transaction latency, transactions per second, and resource consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle refueling; Hyperledger Fabric; distributed ledger; secure payment; blockchain vehicle refueling; Hyperledger Fabric; distributed ledger; secure payment; blockchain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jamil, F.; Cheikhrouhou, O.; Jamil, H.; Koubaa, A.; Derhab, A.; Ferrag, M.A. PetroBlock: A Blockchain-Based Payment Mechanism for Fueling Smart Vehicles. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073055

AMA Style

Jamil F, Cheikhrouhou O, Jamil H, Koubaa A, Derhab A, Ferrag MA. PetroBlock: A Blockchain-Based Payment Mechanism for Fueling Smart Vehicles. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(7):3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jamil, Faisal, Omar Cheikhrouhou, Harun Jamil, Anis Koubaa, Abdelouahid Derhab, and Mohamed Amine Ferrag. 2021. "PetroBlock: A Blockchain-Based Payment Mechanism for Fueling Smart Vehicles" Applied Sciences 11, no. 7: 3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073055

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