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Review

Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Red Macroalgae: UV-Photoprotectors with Potential Cosmeceutical Applications

1
Instituto Universitario de Biotecnología y Desarrollo Azul (IBYDA), Universidad de Málaga, Departamento de Ecología, Campus Universitario de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Phycology Laboratory, Botany Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis 88049-900, SC, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marco F. L. Lemos, Sara Novais and Carina Félix
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(11), 5112; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115112
Received: 19 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
Macroalgae belong to a diverse group of organisms that could be exploited for biomolecule application. Among the biocompounds found in this group, mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) are highlighted mainly due to their photoprotection, antioxidant properties, and high photo and thermo-stability, which are attractive characteristics for the development of cosmeceutical products. Therefore, here we revise published data about MAAs, including their biosynthesis, biomass production, extraction, characterization, identification, purification, and bioactivities. MAAs can be found in many algae species, but the highest concentrations are found in red macroalgae, mainly in the order Bangiales, as Porphyra spp. In addition to the species, the content of MAAs can vary depending on environmental factors, of which solar radiation and nitrogen availability are the most influential. MAAs can confer photoprotection due to their capacity to absorb ultraviolet radiation or reduce the impact of free radicals on cells, among other properties. To extract these compounds, different approaches can be used. The efficiency of these methods can be evaluated with characterization and identification using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), associated with other apparatus such as mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Therefore, the data presented in this review allow a broad comprehension of MAAs and show perspectives for their inclusion in cosmeceutical products. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidants; cosmeceutic; extractions; integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA); mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs); purification; red macroalgae antioxidants; cosmeceutic; extractions; integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA); mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs); purification; red macroalgae
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vega, J.; Schneider, G.; Moreira, B.R.; Herrera, C.; Bonomi-Barufi, J.; Figueroa, F.L. Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Red Macroalgae: UV-Photoprotectors with Potential Cosmeceutical Applications. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 5112. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115112

AMA Style

Vega J, Schneider G, Moreira BR, Herrera C, Bonomi-Barufi J, Figueroa FL. Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Red Macroalgae: UV-Photoprotectors with Potential Cosmeceutical Applications. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(11):5112. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vega, Julia, Geniane Schneider, Bruna R. Moreira, Carolina Herrera, José Bonomi-Barufi, and Félix L. Figueroa. 2021. "Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Red Macroalgae: UV-Photoprotectors with Potential Cosmeceutical Applications" Applied Sciences 11, no. 11: 5112. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115112

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