Next Article in Journal
Damage Diagnosis for Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations Based on the Fractal Dimension
Next Article in Special Issue
Mechanisms of Fluoride Toxicity: From Enzymes to Underlying Integrative Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Study of Mechanical and Thermal Properties in Nano-Hydroxyapatite/Chitosan/Carboxymethyl Cellulose Nanocomposite-Based Scaffold for Bone Tissue Engineering: The Roles of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fluoride Risk Assessment from Consumption of Different Foods Commercialized in a European Region
 
 
Article

Effect of Fluoride on Germination, Early Growth and Antioxidant Enzymes Activity of Three Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars

Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 17 Słowackiego St., 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(19), 6971; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10196971
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 26 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 5 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxic Effects of Fluoride)
This paper assesses the impact of sodium fluoride on the morphological parameters and activity of catalase and peroxidase during the germination and root growth phases of three winter wheat cultivars: Tobak, Dalewar, and Arkadia. During examination, the seeds were placed on plastic Petri dishes with an NaF solution at concentrations of 0 (control), 2.5, 5.0, 8.0, and 10.0 mmol dm−3. The obtained results have shown a decrease in germination, inhibition of root growth, and inhibition of catalase activity, both in the embryos and roots of all tested winter wheat cultivars. The observed effects have been strengthened with the increase of the fluoride concentration. However, the effect of NaF on the peroxidase activity has been dependent on the wheat cultivar. It is difficult to state unequivocally which of the tested winter wheat cultivars has been characterized by the highest sensitivity to fluoride. An η2 analysis has confirmed that the NaF concentration has a greater effect than the winter wheat cultivar on the activity of the determined antioxidant enzymes. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant enzymes; fluoride; germination; imbibition; winter wheat cultivars antioxidant enzymes; fluoride; germination; imbibition; winter wheat cultivars
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pelc, J.; Śnioszek, M.; Wróbel, J.; Telesiński, A. Effect of Fluoride on Germination, Early Growth and Antioxidant Enzymes Activity of Three Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 6971. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10196971

AMA Style

Pelc J, Śnioszek M, Wróbel J, Telesiński A. Effect of Fluoride on Germination, Early Growth and Antioxidant Enzymes Activity of Three Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(19):6971. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10196971

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pelc, Justyna, Martyna Śnioszek, Jacek Wróbel, and Arkadiusz Telesiński. 2020. "Effect of Fluoride on Germination, Early Growth and Antioxidant Enzymes Activity of Three Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars" Applied Sciences 10, no. 19: 6971. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10196971

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop