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Article

Jumping Side Volley in Soccer—A Biomechanical Preliminary Study on the Flying Kick and Its Coaching Know-How for Practitioners

by 1,†, 1,2,3,*,†, 3 and 4
1
Department of Physical Education, Xinzhou Teachers’ University, Xinzhou 034000, China
2
Biomechanics Lab, Faculty of Arts & Science, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
3
School of Physical Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
4
College of Martial Arts, Shandong Sport University, Rizhao 276800, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(14), 4785; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144785
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 12 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Biomechanics: Sport Performance and Injury Prevention)
The jumping side volley has created breathtaking moments and cherished memories for soccer fans. Regrettably, scientific studies on the skill cannot be found in the literature. Relying on the talent of athletes to improvise on the fly can hardly be considered a viable learning method. This study targeted to fill this gap by quantifying the factors of the jumping side volley and to contribute to the development of a coaching method for it. Using 3D motion capture (12 cameras, 200 Hz) and full-body biomechanical modeling, our study aimed to identify elements that govern the entrainment of skill execution. Given the rarity of players who have acquired this skill and the low success rate of the kick (even in professional games), we were able to achieve and review 23 successful trials from five college-level subjects and quantify them for the study. The results unveiled the following key elements: (1) the control of trunk rotation during jumping, (2) the angle between thighs upon take-off, (3) the whip-like control of the kicking leg while airborne, (4) timing between ball motion and limb coordination, and (5) damping mechanism during falling. An accurate kick can normally be achieved through repetitive training. This underlines the need for athletes to master a safe landing technique that minimizes risk of injury during practice. Therefore, training should begin with learning a safe falling technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D motion capture; full-body biomechanical modeling; X-factor; hip flexibility; whip-like movement; dispersion of impact load during falling 3D motion capture; full-body biomechanical modeling; X-factor; hip flexibility; whip-like movement; dispersion of impact load during falling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Shan, G.; Liu, F.; Yu, Y. Jumping Side Volley in Soccer—A Biomechanical Preliminary Study on the Flying Kick and Its Coaching Know-How for Practitioners. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4785. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144785

AMA Style

Zhang X, Shan G, Liu F, Yu Y. Jumping Side Volley in Soccer—A Biomechanical Preliminary Study on the Flying Kick and Its Coaching Know-How for Practitioners. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(14):4785. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144785

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xiang, Gongbing Shan, Feng Liu, and Yaguang Yu. 2020. "Jumping Side Volley in Soccer—A Biomechanical Preliminary Study on the Flying Kick and Its Coaching Know-How for Practitioners" Applied Sciences 10, no. 14: 4785. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10144785

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