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Article

The Relationships between Physical Activity, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in People with Multiple Sclerosis

1
Department of Education, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
2
Department of Mechanical, Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
3
Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato (CA), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9120121
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 21 November 2019
Regular physical activity (PA) can enhance the physical and mental health of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) because of its impact on muscular strength, mobility, balance, walking, fatigue, pain and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Previous studies have hypothesized that the relationship between PA and HRQoL is mediated by self-efficacy. The aim of this research is to evaluate whether self-efficacy in goal setting and self-efficacy in the management of symptoms, mediate the relationship between PA and HRQoL, in a similar way to exercise self-efficacy. A sample of 28 participants with MS (18 females) and different levels of physical activity have been recruited and completed the following measures: (a) physical activity (GLTEQ); (b) health-related quality of life (SF-12); (c) self-efficacy in the management of Multiple Sclerosis (SEMS) and, (d) exercise self-efficacy (EXSE). The statistical analysis highlighted that self-efficacy in goal setting mediated the relationship between PA and mental health better than exercise self-efficacy. Our findings suggest that self-efficacy in goal setting can contribute to the adoption and maintenance of regular physical activity for long-lasting times, supporting and increasing the mental quality of life of people suffering from MS. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple sclerosis; exercise; efficacy expectations; health behaviors; well-being multiple sclerosis; exercise; efficacy expectations; health behaviors; well-being
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guicciardi, M.; Carta, M.; Pau, M.; Cocco, E. The Relationships between Physical Activity, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in People with Multiple Sclerosis. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9120121

AMA Style

Guicciardi M, Carta M, Pau M, Cocco E. The Relationships between Physical Activity, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in People with Multiple Sclerosis. Behavioral Sciences. 2019; 9(12):121. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9120121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guicciardi, Marco, Maria Carta, Massimiliano Pau, and Eleonora Cocco. 2019. "The Relationships between Physical Activity, Self-Efficacy, and Quality of Life in People with Multiple Sclerosis" Behavioral Sciences 9, no. 12: 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9120121

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