Next Article in Journal
Correlation between the Lunar Phase and Tail-Lifting Behavior of Lizards (Pogona vitticeps) Exposed to an Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Slat and Gap Width of Slatted Concrete Flooring on Sow Gait Using Kinematics Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Selection Decisions and Trait Preferences for Local and Imported Cattle and Sheep Breeds in Peri-/Urban Livestock Production Systems in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

University of Goettingen and University of Kassel, Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 3, 37073 Goettingen, Germany
Animals 2019, 9(5), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050207
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Quantitative Genetics in Livestock Production)
  |  
PDF [2469 KB, uploaded 30 April 2019]
  |  

Simple Summary

Structured livestock breeding programs are needed to ensure the viability of the commercial cattle and sheep production sector in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In this context, it is vitally important to better understand breeding and selection decisions of cattle and sheep breeders in the city and their trait preferences for local and imported breeds. The study interviewed 49 cattle and 31 sheep breeders to know which breeds owners keep in their herds, for which characteristics these are preferred, which criteria are used to select and replace breeding animals, and which breeding technologies are used. Results show that future breeding programs should include both local and imported cattle and sheep breeds to combine their strengths, namely the good adaptation of local breeds to prevailing production conditions, and the high production performances of imported breeds. Selection and breeding decisions for imported cattle breeds focus on higher production outputs, while the breeding management of sheep and local cattle is relatively simple. Improved breeding technologies for sheep and local cattle, simple recording schemes for the objective assessment of performance traits and planned mating schemes will help traditional cattle and sheep breeders to take conscious breeding decisions and thereby enhance animals’ production performances.

Abstract

Background: Participatory approaches of designing livestock breeding programs for tropical production systems have been extensively applied for rural livestock, whereas the peri-/urban livestock production sector tends to be widely neglected. In order to ensure the viability of the commercial cattle and sheep production sector in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, structured breed improvement programs are needed. The study aims to better understand selection decisions of cattle and sheep breeders and their trait preferences for local and imported breeds. Methods: 49 cattle and 31 sheep breeders in peri-/urban areas of the city were approached in personal interviews. Data were analyzed in R version 3.5.1. Results: The main motivation for keeping cattle and sheep was to generate regular cash income through the selling of milk (cattle only) and surplus animals. Some (modern) breeders used imported breeds because of higher production performances. For imported cattle breeds, improved breeding technologies and management were applied to further enhance production outputs. Nevertheless, local livestock breeds were predominantly used due to their good adaptation. Conclusions: Selection decisions and trait preferences for local and imported cattle and sheep breeds were strongly based on performance traits. Especially sheep breeders, but also traditional cattle breeders, did not record performance traits and did not take conscious breeding decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: breeding management; breed and trait preferences; Burkina Faso; cattle; peri-/urban livestock production sector; selection decisions; sheep breeding management; breed and trait preferences; Burkina Faso; cattle; peri-/urban livestock production sector; selection decisions; sheep
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Roessler, R. Selection Decisions and Trait Preferences for Local and Imported Cattle and Sheep Breeds in Peri-/Urban Livestock Production Systems in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Animals 2019, 9, 207.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top