Next Article in Journal
Neutering Effects on Social Behaviour of Urban Unowned Free-Roaming Domestic Cats
Next Article in Special Issue
Progesterone and Cortisol Levels in Blood and Hair of Wild Pregnant Red Deer (Cervus Elaphus) Hinds
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of the Addition of Humic Substances as Growth Promoter in Broiler Chickens Under Two Feeding Regimens
Previous Article in Special Issue
Using Thermal Imaging to Monitor Body Temperature of Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) in A Zoo Setting
Open AccessArticle

Development and Implementation of Baseline Welfare Assessment Protocol for Captive Breeding of Wild Ungulate—Punjab Urial (Ovis vignei punjabiensis, Lydekker 1913)

College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(12), 1102; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121102
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 5 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
Current issues concerning animal welfare are receiving remarkable consideration among scientific communities and wildlife conservation organizations. In addition to the ethical and legal grounds of animal welfare, it is important to produce healthy and viable populations in captivity by ensuring optimum welfare. Wild species are reared in captivity but, unlike domestic animals, there is a lack of welfare assessment protocols for these wild species. In the current study, we developed and applied the first baseline welfare assessment protocol for Punjab urial (Ovis vignei punjabiensis). While developing this protocol, we gathered all possible and existing information about the biology and ecology of this species in its natural habitat. Since no welfare assessment protocol and husbandry guidelines exist for this species, we used a welfare assessment protocol for domestic sheep as the base and reference in developing the current protocol for captive Punjab urial. Later, we applied this protocol to three different herds of Punjab urial at two different facilities. Based on the initial results obtained, some areas were found to have shortcomings and recommended for quick corrective measures and improvements.
To ensure that captive breeding and other associated programs are more robust and sustainable, it is of utmost importance to ensure optimum welfare. Although it is well known that standard welfare is crucial for successful captive breeding, there is still a lack of welfare assessment protocols for wild species. The current study aimed to develop a leading baseline welfare assessment protocol for assessing welfare in captive Punjab urial. This protocol is based on the welfare protocol for domestic sheep from the Welfare Quality® project, coupled with all the information obtained from the published literature on the species’ biology and ecology. This protocol consists of 4 principles, 12 criteria, and 31 animal- and resource-based indicators. The protocol was tested and applied to three different herds of Punjab urial at two different facilities. Initial results showed that some areas need to be improved for better captive breeding and management. View Full-Text
Keywords: welfare; protocol; veterinary assessment; Punjab urial; body condition; behavior; Pakistan welfare; protocol; veterinary assessment; Punjab urial; body condition; behavior; Pakistan
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Khattak, R.H.; Liu, Z.; Teng, L. Development and Implementation of Baseline Welfare Assessment Protocol for Captive Breeding of Wild Ungulate—Punjab Urial (Ovis vignei punjabiensis, Lydekker 1913). Animals 2019, 9, 1102.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop