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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Use of a Non-Penetrating Captive Bolt for Euthanasia of Neonate Goats

1
School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK
2
Silsoe Livestock Systems, Wrest Park, Silsoe, Bedford MK45 4HR, UK
3
Humane Slaughter Association, The Old School, Brewhouse Hill, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire AL4 8AN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2018, 8(4), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8040058
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 20 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humane Killing and Euthanasia of Animals on Farms)
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Abstract

A non-penetrating captive bolt device, powered by a 1 grain 0.22″ cartridge delivering a calculated kinetic energy of 47 Joules was tested as a euthanasia method on 200 neonate goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) of mean dead weight = 4.425 kg (SD (Standard deviation) ± 0.4632), to assess effectiveness and shot position. Evaluation of the method was conducted using behavioural indicators of brain dysfunction followed by post mortem examination of the heads. Once correct shot position had been established, 100% of 158 kids (95% confidence interval 97.5% to 100%) were successfully stunned/killed with a shot positioned on the midline, between the ears, with the chin tucked into the neck. The use of the Accles and Shelvoke CASH Small Animal Tool can therefore be recommended for the euthanasia of neonate goats with a 1 grain cartridge and a specific shooting position. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal welfare; euthanasia; livestock; mechanical killing; on-farm killing; neonate goats animal welfare; euthanasia; livestock; mechanical killing; on-farm killing; neonate goats
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Grist, A.; Lines, J.A.; Knowles, T.G.; Mason, C.W.; Wotton, S.B. Use of a Non-Penetrating Captive Bolt for Euthanasia of Neonate Goats. Animals 2018, 8, 58.

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