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Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

1
United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 625 Harrison St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Department of Comparative Pathobiology, Purdue University, 625 Harrison St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, 625 Harrison St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2018, 8(4), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8040059
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 10 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 21 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Management in the 21st Century)
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Abstract

Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult dogs housed on diamond-coated expanded metal (DCEM), polypropylene (POLY), or concrete (CON) flooring at five commercial breeding facilities in Indiana, U.S. Body condition, paw, elbow, and hock health scores were recorded. Each indoor kennel and dog was visually assessed for cleanliness. Kennels were swabbed immediately after cleaning with electrostatic dry cloths and cultured for Escherichia coli. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Mean body condition score (BCS), kennel and dog cleanliness scores were all near ideal (3, 1.15, and 1.04, respectively). Thirty-one percent or fewer kennels at each facility were culture-positive for E. coli after cleaning. No serious paw, elbow, or hock problems were identified. Overall, the findings indicate that with appropriate management and regular access to additional surfaces, dog foot health, cleanliness, and kennel cleanliness can be maintained on the flooring types investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: dogs; flooring; health; well-being; cleanliness dogs; flooring; health; well-being; cleanliness
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Stella, J.; Hurt, M.; Bauer, A.; Gomes, P.; Ruple, A.; Beck, A.; Croney, C. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities? Animals 2018, 8, 59.

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