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Physiology of Methylotrophs Living in the Phyllosphere

Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
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Academic Editors: Françoise Bringel, Emilie Muller and Stéphane Vuilleumier
Microorganisms 2021, 9(4), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040809
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial One-Carbon Metabolism of Natural and Engineered Systems)
Methanol is abundant in the phyllosphere, the surface of the above-ground parts of plants, and its concentration oscillates diurnally. The phyllosphere is one of the major habitats for a group of microorganisms, the so-called methylotrophs, that utilize one-carbon (C1) compounds, such as methanol and methane, as their sole source of carbon and energy. Among phyllospheric microorganisms, methanol-utilizing methylotrophic bacteria, known as pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophs (PPFMs), are the dominant colonizers of the phyllosphere, and some of them have recently been shown to have the ability to promote plant growth and increase crop yield. In addition to PPFMs, methanol-utilizing yeasts can proliferate and survive in the phyllosphere by using unique molecular and cellular mechanisms to adapt to the stressful phyllosphere environment. This review describes our current understanding of the physiology of methylotrophic bacteria and yeasts living in the phyllosphere where they are exposed to diurnal cycles of environmental conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: methanol; methylotrophs; phyllosphere; diurnal adaptation; plant growth promotion methanol; methylotrophs; phyllosphere; diurnal adaptation; plant growth promotion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yurimoto, H.; Shiraishi, K.; Sakai, Y. Physiology of Methylotrophs Living in the Phyllosphere. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040809

AMA Style

Yurimoto H, Shiraishi K, Sakai Y. Physiology of Methylotrophs Living in the Phyllosphere. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(4):809. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040809

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yurimoto, Hiroya, Kosuke Shiraishi, and Yasuyoshi Sakai. 2021. "Physiology of Methylotrophs Living in the Phyllosphere" Microorganisms 9, no. 4: 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040809

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