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Open AccessReview

Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract

1
Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72704, USA
2
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(3), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030075
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 10 March 2019
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram positive foodborne pathogen that can colonize the gastrointestinal tract of a number of hosts, including humans. These environments contain numerous stressors such as bile, low oxygen and acidic pH, which may impact the level of colonization and persistence of this organism within the GI tract. The ability of L. monocytogenes to establish infections and colonize the gastrointestinal tract is directly related to its ability to overcome these stressors, which is mediated by the efficient expression of several stress response mechanisms during its passage. This review will focus upon how and when this occurs and how this impacts the outcome of foodborne disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: bile; Listeria; oxygen availability; pathogenic potential; gastrointestinal tract bile; Listeria; oxygen availability; pathogenic potential; gastrointestinal tract
MDPI and ACS Style

Davis, M.L.; Ricke, S.C.; Donaldson, J.R. Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 75.

AMA Style

Davis ML, Ricke SC, Donaldson JR. Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract. Microorganisms. 2019; 7(3):75.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davis, Morgan L.; Ricke, Steven C.; Donaldson, Janet R. 2019. "Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract" Microorganisms 7, no. 3: 75.

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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