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Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract

Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72704, USA
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(3), 75;
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 10 March 2019
PDF [246 KB, uploaded 10 March 2019]


Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram positive foodborne pathogen that can colonize the gastrointestinal tract of a number of hosts, including humans. These environments contain numerous stressors such as bile, low oxygen and acidic pH, which may impact the level of colonization and persistence of this organism within the GI tract. The ability of L. monocytogenes to establish infections and colonize the gastrointestinal tract is directly related to its ability to overcome these stressors, which is mediated by the efficient expression of several stress response mechanisms during its passage. This review will focus upon how and when this occurs and how this impacts the outcome of foodborne disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: bile; Listeria; oxygen availability; pathogenic potential; gastrointestinal tract bile; Listeria; oxygen availability; pathogenic potential; gastrointestinal tract
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Davis, M.L.; Ricke, S.C.; Donaldson, J.R. Establishment of Listeria monocytogenes in the Gastrointestinal Tract. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 75.

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