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Review

Modulation of the Immune Response to Improve Health and Reduce Foodborne Pathogens in Poultry

1
United States Department of Agriculture/ARS, 2881 F and B Road, College Station, TX 77845, USA
2
Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, 425 River Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
3
Vetagro S.p.A., Via Porro 2, 42124, Reggio Emilia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(3), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030065
Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
Salmonella and Campylobacter are the two leading causes of bacterial-induced foodborne illness in the US. Food production animals including cattle, swine, and chickens are transmission sources for both pathogens. The number of Salmonella outbreaks attributed to poultry has decreased. However, the same cannot be said for Campylobacter where 50–70% of human cases result from poultry products. The poultry industry selects heavily on performance traits which adversely affects immune competence. Despite increasing demand for poultry, regulations and public outcry resulted in the ban of antibiotic growth promoters, pressuring the industry to find alternatives to manage flock health. One approach is to incorporate a program that naturally enhances/modulates the bird’s immune response. Immunomodulation of the immune system can be achieved using a targeted dietary supplementation and/or feed additive to alter immune function. Science-based modulation of the immune system targets ways to reduce inflammation, boost a weakened response, manage gut health, and provide an alternative approach to prevent disease and control foodborne pathogens when conventional methods are not efficacious or not available. The role of immunomodulation is just one aspect of an integrated, coordinated approach to produce healthy birds that are also safe and wholesome products for consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: feed additive; foodborne pathogen; immunomodulation; nutrition; poultry feed additive; foodborne pathogen; immunomodulation; nutrition; poultry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Swaggerty, C.L.; Callaway, T.R.; Kogut, M.H.; Piva, A.; Grilli, E. Modulation of the Immune Response to Improve Health and Reduce Foodborne Pathogens in Poultry. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030065

AMA Style

Swaggerty CL, Callaway TR, Kogut MH, Piva A, Grilli E. Modulation of the Immune Response to Improve Health and Reduce Foodborne Pathogens in Poultry. Microorganisms. 2019; 7(3):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Swaggerty, Christina L., Todd R. Callaway, Michael H. Kogut, Andrea Piva, and Ester Grilli. 2019. "Modulation of the Immune Response to Improve Health and Reduce Foodborne Pathogens in Poultry" Microorganisms 7, no. 3: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030065

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