Next Article in Journal
What an Escherichia coli Mutant Can Teach Us About the Antibacterial Effect of Chlorophyllin
Next Article in Special Issue
Changes in Mouse Gut Microbial Community in Response to the Different Types of Commonly Consumed Meat
Previous Article in Journal
Rotations with Indian Mustard and Wild Rocket Suppressed Cucumber Fusarium Wilt Disease and Changed Rhizosphere Bacterial Communities
Previous Article in Special Issue
Socioeconomic Status and the Gut Microbiome: A TwinsUK Cohort Study
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Microorganisms 2019, 7(2), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7020058

Can Gut Microbiota and Lifestyle Help Us in the Handling of Anorexia Nervosa Patients?

Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gut Microbiota Diversity Relates to Lifestyle)
Full-Text   |   PDF [581 KB, uploaded 22 February 2019]   |  

Abstract

Gut microbiota is composed of different microorganisms that play an important role in the host. New research shows that bidirectional communications happen between intestinal microbiota and the brain, which is known as the gut–brain axis. This communication is significant and could have a negative or positive effect depending on the state of the gut microbiota. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental illness associated with metabolic, immunologic, biochemical, sensory abnormalities, and extremely low body weight. Different studies have shown a dysbiosis in patients with AN. Due to the gut–brain axis, it was observed that some of the symptoms could be improved in these patients by boosting their gut microbiota. This paper highlights some evidence connecting the role of microbiota in the AN onset and disease progress. Finally, a proposal is done to include the microbiota analysis as part of the recovery protocol used to treat AN patients. When conducting clinical studies of gut microbiota in AN patients, dysbiosis is expected to be found. Then the prescription of a personalized treatment rich in prebiotics and probiotics could be proposed to reverse the dysbiosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: eating disorders; anorexia nervosa; gut microbiota; dysbiosis; gut–brain-axis eating disorders; anorexia nervosa; gut microbiota; dysbiosis; gut–brain-axis
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mendez-Figueroa, V.; Biscaia, J.M.; Mohedano, R.B.; Blanco-Fernandez, A.; Bailen, M.; Bressa, C.; Larrosa, M.; Gonzalez-Soltero, R. Can Gut Microbiota and Lifestyle Help Us in the Handling of Anorexia Nervosa Patients? Microorganisms 2019, 7, 58.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Microorganisms EISSN 2076-2607 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top