Diversity of Myxobacteria—We Only See the Tip of the Iceberg
AbstractThe discovery of new antibiotics is mandatory with regard to the increasing number of resistant pathogens. One approach is the search for new antibiotic producers in nature. Among actinomycetes, Bacillus species, and fungi, myxobacteria have been a rich source for bioactive secondary metabolites for decades. To date, about 600 substances could be described, many of them with antibacterial, antifungal, or cytostatic activity. But, recent cultivation-independent studies on marine, terrestrial, or uncommon habitats unequivocally demonstrate that the number of uncultured myxobacteria is much higher than would be expected from the number of cultivated strains. Although several highly promising myxobacterial taxa have been identified recently, this so-called Great Plate Count Anomaly must be overcome to get broader access to new secondary metabolite producers. In the last years it turned out that especially new species, genera, and families of myxobacteria are promising sources for new bioactive metabolites. Therefore, the cultivation of the hitherto uncultivable ones is our biggest challenge. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mohr, K.I. Diversity of Myxobacteria—We Only See the Tip of the Iceberg. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 84.
Mohr KI. Diversity of Myxobacteria—We Only See the Tip of the Iceberg. Microorganisms. 2018; 6(3):84.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mohr, Kathrin I. 2018. "Diversity of Myxobacteria—We Only See the Tip of the Iceberg." Microorganisms 6, no. 3: 84.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.