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Review

Emerging and Neglected Viruses of Zoonotic Importance in Croatia

1
Department of Virology, Croatian Institute of Public Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Medicine, Merkur University Hospital, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Virology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Epidemiology, Andrija Stampar Institute of Public Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Epidemiology, Croatian Institute of Public Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Environmental Health Department, Croatian Institute of Public Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Biology, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
11
Poultry Center, Croatian Veterinary Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2021, 10(1), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010073
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging and Neglected Viruses and Zoonoses)
Several arboviruses have emerged in Croatia in recent years. Tick-borne encephalitis is endemic in continental counties; however, new natural micro-foci have been detected. Two autochthonous dengue cases were reported in 2010. West Nile virus emerged in 2012, followed by emergence of Usutu virus in 2013. Although high seroprevalence rates of Toscana virus have been detected among residents of Croatian littoral, the virus remains neglected, with only a few clinical cases of neuroinvasive infections reported. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is a neglected neuroinvasive rodent-borne virus. So far, there are no reports on human clinical cases; however, the seroprevalence studies indicate the virus presence in the Croatian mainland. Puumala and Dobrava hantaviruses are widely distributing rodent-borne viruses with sporadic and epidemic occurrence. Hepatitis E virus is an emerging food-borne virus in Croatia. After the emergence in 2012, cases were regularly recorded. Seropositivity varies greatly by region and population group. Rotaviruses represent a significant healthcare burden since rotavirus vaccination is not included in the Croatian national immunization program. Additionally, rotaviruses are widely distributed in the Croatian ecosystem. A novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, emerged in February 2020 and spread rapidly throughout the country. This review focuses on emerging and neglected viruses of zoonotic importance detected in Croatia. View Full-Text
Keywords: arboviruses; rodent-borne viruses; hepatitis E virus; SARS-CoV-2; rotaviruses; rabies virus; epidemiology; Croatia arboviruses; rodent-borne viruses; hepatitis E virus; SARS-CoV-2; rotaviruses; rabies virus; epidemiology; Croatia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vilibic-Cavlek, T.; Barbic, L.; Mrzljak, A.; Brnic, D.; Klobucar, A.; Ilic, M.; Janev-Holcer, N.; Bogdanic, M.; Jemersic, L.; Stevanovic, V.; Tabain, I.; Krcmar, S.; Vucelja, M.; Prpic, J.; Boljfetic, M.; Jelicic, P.; Madic, J.; Ferencak, I.; Savic, V. Emerging and Neglected Viruses of Zoonotic Importance in Croatia. Pathogens 2021, 10, 73. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010073

AMA Style

Vilibic-Cavlek T, Barbic L, Mrzljak A, Brnic D, Klobucar A, Ilic M, Janev-Holcer N, Bogdanic M, Jemersic L, Stevanovic V, Tabain I, Krcmar S, Vucelja M, Prpic J, Boljfetic M, Jelicic P, Madic J, Ferencak I, Savic V. Emerging and Neglected Viruses of Zoonotic Importance in Croatia. Pathogens. 2021; 10(1):73. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vilibic-Cavlek, Tatjana, Ljubo Barbic, Anna Mrzljak, Dragan Brnic, Ana Klobucar, Maja Ilic, Natasa Janev-Holcer, Maja Bogdanic, Lorena Jemersic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Irena Tabain, Stjepan Krcmar, Marko Vucelja, Jelena Prpic, Marko Boljfetic, Pavle Jelicic, Josip Madic, Ivana Ferencak, and Vladimir Savic. 2021. "Emerging and Neglected Viruses of Zoonotic Importance in Croatia" Pathogens 10, no. 1: 73. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010073

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