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Perception and Barriers to Implementation of Intensive and Extensive Green Roofs in Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nazarbayev University, 53 Kabanbay Batyr Ave, Nur-Sultan 01000, Kazakhstan
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Civil Engineering Programme Area, Universiti Teknologi Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan BE 1410, Brunei Darussalam
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Building Performance Analyst, Sundial Building Performance, Winnipeg, MB R2W3E8, Canada
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Faculty of Integrated Technology, University Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE 1410, Brunei Darussalam
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Road Design Engineer and Technical Coordinator at SMECBD-ACE Consultant Ltd., Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2019, 9(4), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9040079
Received: 11 March 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
Buildings are one of the biggest consumers of fossil fuels, and thus, contribute largely to greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, a large number of studies have been conducted and innovative ideas or green solutions have been invented, adopted, and implemented across the globe. These solutions are often contextual and heavily dependent on local environmental and socio-economic factors. Green roofs are such an example. Green roofs (both intensive and extensive) for buildings have been successfully adopted in many countries around the world. Bangladesh, a developing country that can benefit from green roofs, seems to remain in complete darkness regarding its potential. The objective of this study is to identify the reasons why green roofs have not been widely implemented in Bangladesh, especially in the capital Dhaka, even though, theoretically, the climatic conditions of this country favor this technology. This study focuses on the perception of the construction industry to comprehend the possible obstacles they are facing towards using green roofs in their designs. A questionnaire study was conducted among architects, engineers, construction managers, contractors, and owners who are at different levels of experience in their respective fields. The results indicate a gap in knowledge and misconceptions, which are major hindrances to the implementation of green roofs. View Full-Text
Keywords: buildings; energy; green roofs; mega city; Bangladesh; urban heat island buildings; energy; green roofs; mega city; Bangladesh; urban heat island
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Hossain, M.A.; Shams, S.; Amin, M.; Reza, M.S.; Chowdhury, T.U. Perception and Barriers to Implementation of Intensive and Extensive Green Roofs in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Buildings 2019, 9, 79.

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