The paper considers the stress-strain state of a reinforced concrete beam, as a bimodular material, under the action of an impact. The behavior of bimodular concretes with different moduli of elasticity in tension and compression has not been studied enough. At the same time, taking into account the bimodularity of concrete makes it possible to design a more economical structure, especially for dynamic load. In this article, the impact is considered as an absolutely plastic impact of an absolutely rigid body on an elastic system. The stress state is investigated for beams of rectangular, T-section and I-sections, and is compared with and without the bimodularity of reinforced concrete. The analysis of the dependence of the stress state on the shape, cross-sectional dimensions, and the location of reinforcing bars in the compressed and tensioned zones was carried out for lightweight concrete (Et < Ec
) and for heavy concrete (Et > Ec
) under the action of shock load with and without regard to the mass of the beam. The numerical study shows that taking into account the mass of the beam upon impact significantly decreases the magnitude of the normal stresses in both the tensioned and compressed zones. Beams of rectangular cross-section have the highest load-bearing capacity when the cross-section height is equal for both light and heavy concrete. An increase in the size of the flange of the I-beam in the stretched zone leads to a sharp decrease in normal tensile stresses and a slight increase in normal compressive stresses. The proposed engineering method makes it possible to numerically study the effect on the stress-strain state of a beam under the action of a concentrated impact of various geometric characteristics of the cross-section, bimodularity of the material, size, number and location of reinforcement.
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