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Review

A Review of “Green Building” Regulations, Laws, and Standards in Latin America

Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7BA, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2020, 10(10), 188; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10100188
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 17 October 2020 / Accepted: 17 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Energy Consumption in the Global South)
Latin America covers 20% of the world’s surface but only produces 12% of global carbon emissions. However, countries such as Brazil and Argentina have seen some of the most aggressive increases in individual country CO2 emissions over the last two decades. Given that 80% of Latin America’s population lives in cities, where we can expect the greatest increases in demand for energy and predicted growth in built floor space, it is necessary to ensure that these do not result in an overall growth in carbon emissions. Hence, we present the first review of the various “green building” rules developed in this region to curtail energy or carbon. This covers nine countries representing 80% of the region’s population. We find that these countries in Latin America have developed 94 different green building rules, though to different extents. Many pertain to domestic buildings that are known to contribute 17% of the overall carbon emissions. Subsidies and tax incentives are most common, whereas innovative carbon market schemes have only been adopted in Mexico and Chile. In Argentina and Chile, regulations are similar to their European cold-climate counterparts but are poorly enforced. Overall, we find considerable progress in Latin America to create new standards and regulations, with enforcement being a major future challenge. View Full-Text
Keywords: green building regulations; building energy; Global South; Latin America green building regulations; building energy; Global South; Latin America
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zepeda-Gil, C.; Natarajan, S. A Review of “Green Building” Regulations, Laws, and Standards in Latin America. Buildings 2020, 10, 188. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10100188

AMA Style

Zepeda-Gil C, Natarajan S. A Review of “Green Building” Regulations, Laws, and Standards in Latin America. Buildings. 2020; 10(10):188. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10100188

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zepeda-Gil, Carlos, and Sukumar Natarajan. 2020. "A Review of “Green Building” Regulations, Laws, and Standards in Latin America" Buildings 10, no. 10: 188. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10100188

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