Next Article in Journal
Probabilistic Modeling of Slip System-Based Shear Stresses and Fatigue Behavior of Coarse-Grained Ni-Base Superalloy Considering Local Grain Anisotropy and Grain Orientation
Next Article in Special Issue
Advanced Heat Treatments and Complex Ferritic Structures for Bearing Steels
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating the Mechanics of Hybrid Metal Extrusion and Bonding Additive Manufacturing by FEA
Previous Article in Special Issue
Flow Field, Temperature Field, and Inclusion Removal in a New Induction Heating Tundish with Bent Channels
Open AccessArticle

The Research of Low-Oxygen Control and Oxygen Behavior during RH Process in Silicon-Deoxidization Bearing Steel

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(8), 812;
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bearing Steels)
The variation of total oxygen (T.O) content, characterization of inclusions, slag composition, and off-gas behavior during the smelting process of silicon-deoxidization bearing steel were investigated with industrial experiments. The change of content of combined oxygen during RH (Ruhrstahl–Hereaeus vacuum degassing furnace) process was calculated and compared with T.O content change. It is found that the decrease of oxygen content is mainly caused by the removal of dissolved oxygen rather than the removal of oxides during RH process. Carbon was found to be a strong deoxidizer (stronger than aluminum) in high vacuum degree. Top slag is an oxygen source of the deoxidization process, leading to the re-oxidization of liquid steel, even though the FeO content is low in top slag. During the RH process, the change of oxygen mainly exists in three processes: 1) Deoxidization reaction in vacuum chamber, 2) oxygen mass transfer process between liquid steel out from a vacuum chamber and in ladle, and 3) oxygen mass transfer between ladle slag and liquid steel. It depends mainly on the mass transfer of the oxygen in the liquid steel. View Full-Text
Keywords: RH process; bearing steel; deoxidization; T.O content RH process; bearing steel; deoxidization; T.O content
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xiao, W.; Wang, M.; Bao, Y. The Research of Low-Oxygen Control and Oxygen Behavior during RH Process in Silicon-Deoxidization Bearing Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 812.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop