Next Article in Journal
Influence of Solution Treatment Temperature on Microstructural Properties of an Industrially Forged UNS S32750/1.4410/F53 Super Duplex Stainless Steel (SDSS) Alloy
Next Article in Special Issue
A Review of Thiosulfate Leaching of Gold: Focus on Thiosulfate Consumption and Gold Recovery from Pregnant Solution
Previous Article in Journal
Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Macrosegregation in Continuously Cast Billets
Previous Article in Special Issue
Separation and Recovery of Iron and Rare Earth from Bayan Obo Tailings by Magnetizing Roasting and (NH4)2SO4 Activation Roasting
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Bio-Reclamation of Strategic and Energy Critical Metals from Secondary Resources

Mineral and Material Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Daejeon 305-350, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peng Cao
Metals 2017, 7(6), 207;
Received: 15 April 2016 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 6 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valuable Metal Recycling)
Metals with an average crustal abundance of <0.01 ppm, which are high in supply shortage due to soaring demand, can, under the excessive environmental risk and <1% recycling rate of their production, be termed as ‘critical’ in a limited geo-boundary. A global trend to the green energy and low carbon technologies with geopolitical scenario is challenging for the sustainable reclamation of these metals from secondary resources. Among the available processes, bio-reclamation can be a sustainable technique for extracting and concentrating these metals. Therefore, in the present paper, the potential reclamation of critical metals (including rare earth elements, precious metals, and a common nuclear fuel element, uranium) via their interaction with microbe/s has been reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-reclamation; energy critical metals; microbes-metal interaction; sustainability bio-reclamation; energy critical metals; microbes-metal interaction; sustainability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ilyas, S.; Kim, M.-S.; Lee, J.-C.; Jabeen, A.; Bhatti, H.N. Bio-Reclamation of Strategic and Energy Critical Metals from Secondary Resources. Metals 2017, 7, 207.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop