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Open AccessReview

Liquid Metal Embrittlement of Galvanized TRIP Steels in Resistance Spot Welding

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Seoul, 163 Seoulsiripdae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02504, Korea
Department of Energy Systems Research and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(6), 787;
Received: 17 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 13 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Welding of Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS))
Liquid metal embrittlement (LME) in Zn-coated steels is a serious issue in automotive design. The risk of rising LME surface cracks in resistance spot welding (RSW) of Zn-coated high strength steels has triggered significant research activities across the globe. This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of the various phenomena and issues related to LME during RSW. Various aspects of LME surface cracks have been described in this review, focusing on the macro- and microscopic features of LME, spot weld cracks, the sensitivity of the LME cracks towards surface locations, welding conditions, and susceptibility to high strength and galvanized steels. We also focus on the effects of various processing factors, such as temperature, stress, microstructure, and the nature of the galvanized layer, related to studies with actual spot welds LME cracks. Finally, we summarize the possible mechanisms of embrittlement and the remedies for minimizing LME cracks, with suitable guidelines to suppress surface cracks during RSW. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel; zinc; galvanization; spot welding; embrittlement; liquid steel; zinc; galvanization; spot welding; embrittlement; liquid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, W.-S.; Sharma, A.; Jung, J.P. Liquid Metal Embrittlement of Galvanized TRIP Steels in Resistance Spot Welding. Metals 2020, 10, 787.

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