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Open AccessArticle

Heart Rate Variability, Neuromuscular and Perceptual Recovery Following Resistance Training

Biodynamics and Human Performance Center, Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology, 11935 Abercorn St. Savannah, Georgia Southern University, Savannah, GA 31419, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(10), 225;
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring Physiological Adaptation to Physical Training)
We quantified associations between changes in heart rate variability (HRV), neuromuscular and perceptual recovery following intense resistance training (RT). Adult males (n = 10) with >1 year RT experience performed six sets to failure with 90% of 10 repetition maximum in the squat, bench press, and pull-down. Changes (∆) from pre- to immediately (IP), 24 and 48 h post-RT were calculated for neuromuscular performance markers (counter-movement jump peak power and mean concentric bench press and squat velocity with load corresponding to 1.0 m∙s−1) and perceived recovery and soreness scales. Post-waking natural logarithm of the root-mean square of successive differences (LnRMSSD) in supine and standing positions were recorded pre-RT (5 day baseline), IP and two mornings post-RT. All parameters worsened at IP (p < 0.05). LnRMSSD measures were not different from baseline by 24 h. Neuromuscular markers were not different from pre-RT by 48 h. Perceptual measures remained suppressed at 48 h. No significant associations among ∆ variables were observed (p = 0.052–0.978). These data show varying timeframes of recovery for HRV, neuromuscular and perceptual markers at the group and individual level. Thus, post-RT recovery testing should be specific and the status of one metric should not be used to infer that of another. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomic; parasympathetic; cardiovascular; performance; monitoring autonomic; parasympathetic; cardiovascular; performance; monitoring
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Flatt, A.A.; Globensky, L.; Bass, E.; Sapp, B.L.; Riemann, B.L. Heart Rate Variability, Neuromuscular and Perceptual Recovery Following Resistance Training. Sports 2019, 7, 225.

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