Next Article in Journal
Nutrition and Supplementation Considerations to Limit Endotoxemia When Exercising in the Heat
Previous Article in Journal
Cancer and Exercise: Warburg Hypothesis, Tumour Metabolism and High-Intensity Anaerobic Exercise
Previous Article in Special Issue
Does Avalanche Shovel Shape Affect Excavation Time: A Pilot Study
Open AccessReview

Topical and Ingested Cooling Methodologies for Endurance Exercise Performance in the Heat

1
School of Social Sciences, Humanities & Law, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BX, UK
2
Centre for Sports Science and Human Performance, Waikato Institute of Technology, Hamilton 3288, New Zealand
3
City of Glasgow College, Glasgow G4 0RF, UK
4
Pro-Football Support Ltd., Huddersfield HD7 5BQ, UK
5
Laboratoire ACTES–EA 3596, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, 97157 Pointe à Pitre, France
6
Laboratoire LEPSA–EA 4604, Université de Perpignan, 66120 Font Romeu, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2018, 6(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010011
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 31 January 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment and Sport Performance)
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess studies which have investigated cooling methodologies, their timing and effects, on endurance exercise performance in trained athletes (Category 3; VO2max ≥ 55 mL·kg·min−1) in hot environmental conditions (≥28 °C). Meta-analyses were performed to quantify the effects of timings and methods of application, with a narrative review of the evidence also provided. A computer-assisted database search was performed for articles investigating the effects of cooling on endurance performance and accompanying physiological and perceptual responses. A total of 4129 results were screened by title, abstract, and full text, resulting in 10 articles being included for subsequent analyses. A total of 101 participants and 310 observations from 10 studies measuring the effects of differing cooling strategies on endurance exercise performance and accompanying physiological and perceptual responses were included. With respect to time trial performance, cooling was shown to result in small beneficial effects when applied before and throughout the exercise bout (Effect Size: −0.44; −0.69 to −0.18), especially when ingested (−0.39; −0.60 to −0.18). Current evidence suggests that whilst other strategies ameliorate physiological or perceptual responses throughout endurance exercise in hot conditions, ingesting cooling aids before and during exercise provides a small benefit, which is of practical significance to athletes’ time trial performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooling; environment; endurance performance; thermal comfort; thermal sensation; temperature cooling; environment; endurance performance; thermal comfort; thermal sensation; temperature
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Best, R.; Payton, S.; Spears, I.; Riera, F.; Berger, N. Topical and Ingested Cooling Methodologies for Endurance Exercise Performance in the Heat. Sports 2018, 6, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop