Next Article in Journal
Effects of 12 Weeks of Tai Chi Chuan Training on Balance and Functional Fitness in Older Japanese Adults
Next Article in Special Issue
Topical and Ingested Cooling Methodologies for Endurance Exercise Performance in the Heat
Previous Article in Journal
Acute Effects of Block Jumps in Female Volleyball Players: The Role of Performance Level
Previous Article in Special Issue
Airflow-Restricting Mask Reduces Acute Performance in Resistance Exercise
Open AccessArticle

Does Avalanche Shovel Shape Affect Excavation Time: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Centre of Technology of Ski and Alpine Sport, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Pezzoli
Sports 2017, 5(2), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020031
Received: 10 April 2017 / Revised: 17 May 2017 / Accepted: 19 May 2017 / Published: 23 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment and Sport Performance)
In Europe and North America, approximately 150 fatalities occur as a result of avalanches every year. However, it is unclear whether certain shovel shapes are more effective than others in snow removal during avalanche victim recovery. The objective was to determine the performance parameters with a developed standardized test using different shovel shapes and to determine sex-specific differences. Hence, several parameters were determined for clearing the snow from a snow filled box (15 men, 14 women). A flat (F) and a deep (D) shovel blade with the shaft connected straight (S) or in clearing mode (C) were used for the investigation of the shovel shapes FS, DC and the subsequent use of DC&DS. Mean snow mass shifted per unit time increased significantly from 1.50 kg/s with FS to 1.71 kg/s (14%) with DS and further to 1.79 kg/s (4%) with DC&DS for all participants. Snow mass shifted per unit time was 44% higher (p < 0.05) for men than for women. In excavation operations, the sex-specific physical performance should be taken into account. The results were limited to barely binding snow, because only with this snow did the tests show a high reliability. View Full-Text
Keywords: accident rescue; burial depth; rescue time; shovel rate accident rescue; burial depth; rescue time; shovel rate
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Schindelwig, K.; Hoffmann, A.; Mössner, M.; Nachbauer, W. Does Avalanche Shovel Shape Affect Excavation Time: A Pilot Study. Sports 2017, 5, 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020031

AMA Style

Schindelwig K, Hoffmann A, Mössner M, Nachbauer W. Does Avalanche Shovel Shape Affect Excavation Time: A Pilot Study. Sports. 2017; 5(2):31. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020031

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schindelwig, Kurt; Hoffmann, Alexander; Mössner, Martin; Nachbauer, Werner. 2017. "Does Avalanche Shovel Shape Affect Excavation Time: A Pilot Study" Sports 5, no. 2: 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020031

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop