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Open AccessArticle

Heart Rate Responses during Small Sided Games and Official Match-Play in Soccer

Haliç University School of Physical Education and Sport, İstanbul 34330, Turkey
Academic Editor: Filipe Manuel Clemente
Sports 2016, 4(2), 31;
Received: 25 February 2016 / Revised: 25 May 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 30 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Performance in Soccer)
Small sided games (SSGs) are a match specific type of training. In addition, there is an insufficient number of studies that compare heart rate (HR) responses of SSGs and official match-play (OM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the heart rate responses during SSGs and OM in young soccer players. Twenty-two male soccer players (mean ± SD; age 17.4 ± 0.9 years, height 174.9 ± 6.6 cm, body weight 67.7 ± 8.1 kg) volunteered to participate in this study. The first session included anthropometric measurements and a maximum running test (RT). Following the RT session, all players participated in five different randomly ordered SSG sessions (3-, 4-, 5-, 7- and 9-a-side with goalkeepers). OMs were also monitored in the fourth week of the study. A one-way multivariate repeated-measures analysis of variance (MANOVA) was then conducted to evaluate the differences between the SSGs and OM. The results showed that 3-a-side elicited significantly higher HR and %HRmax than other SSGs and OM, whereas 9-a-side resulted in significantly lower HR and %HRmax compared to other SSG formats and OM (p < 0.05). In conclusion, 3-a-side, 4-a-side and 5-a-side SSG formats provide players with the opportunity to spend sufficient proportion of time spent in high intensity zones that are specific to match demands. View Full-Text
Keywords: small sided games; soccer; heart rate; time spent small sided games; soccer; heart rate; time spent
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Aşçı, A. Heart Rate Responses during Small Sided Games and Official Match-Play in Soccer. Sports 2016, 4, 31.

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