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Article

Functional Profile of Older Adults Hospitalized in Convalescence Units of the National Network of Integrated Continuous Care of Portugal: A Longitudinal Study

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Nursing Research, Innovation and Development Centre of Lisbon (CIDNUR), Nursing School of Lisbon (ESEL), 1600-096 Lisbon, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Enfermagem de São João de Deus, Universidade de Évora, 7000-801 Evora, Portugal
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Comprehensive Health Research Centre (CHRC), Universidade de Évora, 7000-801 Evora, Portugal
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Instituto de Telecomunicações, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
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Instituto de Saúde Ambiental (ISAMB), Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Riitta Suhonen, Minna Stolt and David Edvardsson
J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11(12), 1350; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11121350
Received: 7 October 2021 / Revised: 22 November 2021 / Accepted: 7 December 2021 / Published: 11 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Personalized Nursing and Health Care)
Aim: To evaluate the evolution of the functional profile of older adults admitted to a health unit in Portugal; to relate the functional profile of these individuals with age, sex, education level and emotional state; and to evaluate the probability of the degree of dependence as a function of age and sex. Methods: longitudinal, retrospective study with a sample of 59,013 older adults admitted to convalescence units of the National Network of Integrated Continuous Care of Portugal. Results: In the first 75 days of hospitalization, activities of daily living, mobility and cognitive state improved, but there was a decline after 75 days of hospitalization. The ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living improved in the first 15 days of hospitalization, stabilized until 45 days and then began to worsen. Women had a higher probability of having a severe/complete dependence three years earlier than men (88 years to 91 years). A higher education level and stable emotional state were protective factors against functional decline. Conclusions: The functional profile of older adults improved during the length of stay recommended for hospitalization in convalescence units (30 days). It is critical for health systems to adopt strategies to prevent declines in the emotional state of frail individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; functional status; health care; hospitalization; activities of daily living older adults; functional status; health care; hospitalization; activities of daily living
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos, A.; Fonseca, C.; Pinho, L.; Lopes, M.; Oliveira, H.; Henriques, A. Functional Profile of Older Adults Hospitalized in Convalescence Units of the National Network of Integrated Continuous Care of Portugal: A Longitudinal Study. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 1350. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11121350

AMA Style

Ramos A, Fonseca C, Pinho L, Lopes M, Oliveira H, Henriques A. Functional Profile of Older Adults Hospitalized in Convalescence Units of the National Network of Integrated Continuous Care of Portugal: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2021; 11(12):1350. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11121350

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos, Ana, César Fonseca, Lara Pinho, Manuel Lopes, Henrique Oliveira, and Adriana Henriques. 2021. "Functional Profile of Older Adults Hospitalized in Convalescence Units of the National Network of Integrated Continuous Care of Portugal: A Longitudinal Study" Journal of Personalized Medicine 11, no. 12: 1350. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11121350

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