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Adsorption of Nucleic Acid Bases, Ribose, and Phosphate by Some Clay Minerals

National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 305-0044, Japan
Academic Editor: Niles Lehman
Life 2015, 5(1), 637-650; https://doi.org/10.3390/life5010637
Received: 29 September 2014 / Revised: 9 February 2015 / Accepted: 12 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Origins and Early Evolution of RNA)
Besides having a large capacity for taking up organic molecules, clay minerals can catalyze a variety of organic reactions. Derived from rock weathering, clay minerals would have been abundant in the early Earth. As such, they might be expected to play a role in chemical evolution. The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been the subject of many investigations. The behavior of RNA components at clay mineral surfaces needs to be assessed if we are to appreciate how clays might catalyze the formation of nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides in the “RNA world”. The adsorption of purines, pyrimidines and nucleosides from aqueous solution to clay minerals is affected by suspension pH. With montmorillonite, adsorption is also influenced by the nature of the exchangeable cations. Here, we review the interactions of some clay minerals with RNA components. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; clay minerals; adenine; adenosine; 5-AMP; cytosine; uracil; ribose; phosphate adsorption; clay minerals; adenine; adenosine; 5-AMP; cytosine; uracil; ribose; phosphate
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Hashizume, H. Adsorption of Nucleic Acid Bases, Ribose, and Phosphate by Some Clay Minerals. Life 2015, 5, 637-650.

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