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Minerals 2019, 9(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9010015

A Mechanism for the Adsorption of 2-(Hexadecanoylamino)Acetic Acid by Smithsonite: Surface Spectroscopy and Microflotation Experiments

State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, Faculty of Land Resources Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
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Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flotation Reagents)
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Abstract

Zinc is mostly extracted from oxidized zinc and zinc sulfide minerals, and this process involves flotation as a key step. While it is easier to float the sulfide mineral, its consumption and depletion has led to an increased reliance on oxidized zinc minerals, including smithsonite. Hence, the development of efficient ways of collecting smithsonite by flotation is an important objective. Herein, we describe the use of 2-(hexadecanoylamino)acetic acid (HAA), a novel surfactant, as a collector during smithsonite flotation. The mechanism and flotation performance of HAA during smithsonite flotation was investigated by total organic carbon (TOC) content studies, zeta potential measurements, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses, combined with microflotation experiments. The flotation results revealed that HAA was an excellent collector in pulp over a wide pH range (9–12) and at a relatively low concentration (2 × 10−4 mol/L), at which a recovery of close to 90% of the smithsonite mineral was obtained. TOC content studies revealed that the good flotation recovery was ascribable to large amounts of collector molecule adsorbed on the smithsonite surface, while zeta potential measurements showed that the HAA was chemically adsorbed onto the smithsonite. FTIR and XPS analyses revealed that the HAA collector molecules adsorbed onto the smithsonite surface as zinc–HAA complexes involving carboxylate moieties and Zn sites on the smithsonite surface in alkaline solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: smithsonite; flotation; 2-(hexadecanoylamino)acetic acid; collector; adsorption smithsonite; flotation; 2-(hexadecanoylamino)acetic acid; collector; adsorption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Luo, B.; Liu, J.; Liu, Q.; Song, C.; Yu, L.; Li, S.; Lai, H. A Mechanism for the Adsorption of 2-(Hexadecanoylamino)Acetic Acid by Smithsonite: Surface Spectroscopy and Microflotation Experiments. Minerals 2019, 9, 15.

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