Next Article in Journal
Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Composition of Saline Lacustrine Dolomite Cements and Its Palaeoenvironmental Significance: A Case Study of Paleogene Shahejie Formation, Bohai Sea
Next Article in Special Issue
Long-Lived Mantle Plume and Polyphase Evolution of Palaeoproterozoic PGE Intrusions in the Fennoscandian Shield
Previous Article in Journal
Enhancing the Leaching of Chalcopyrite Using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans under the Induction of Surfactant Triton X-100
Previous Article in Special Issue
Geodynamic Evolution and Metallogeny of Archaean Structural and Compositional Complexes in the Northwestern Russian Arctic
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Minerals 2019, 9(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9010012

Beryllium Mineralogy of the Kola Peninsula, RussiaA Review

Geological Institute, Kola Science Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Fersmana 14, 184209 Apatity, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arctic Mineral Resources: Science and Technology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8682 KB, uploaded 25 December 2018]   |  

Abstract

This paper reviews the available information on the beryllium mineralogy of the different type of occurrences in the Kola Peninsula, northwest Russia. Beryllium mineralization in the region is mainly associated with alkaline and felsic rocks, which differ significantly in petrological, geochemical, mineralogical features and age. In total 28 beryllium minerals are established on the Kola Peninsula up today. Beryl is one of the ore minerals in the differentiated granite pegmatites of the Kolmozerskoe lithium deposit. A large diversity of beryllium minerals occur in the pegmatites and hydrothermal veins formed in the late stages of the Lovozero and Khibiny alkaline massifs. Most of these minerals, as leifite, lovdarite, odintsovite, sphaerobertrandite and tugtupite are rare in other environments and have unique properties. These minerals formed under conditions of extreme alkalinity and their formation was favored by abrupt changes in the alkalinity regimes. Some of minerals, as chrysoberyl in xenoliths of hornfels, genthelvite and unique intergrowth of meliphanite and leucophanite formed in contrasting geochemical fronts between felsic/intermediate and mafic rocks. View Full-Text
Keywords: beryllium minerals; chemical composition; mineral data; alkaline rocks; granite; pegmatites; hydrothermal veins; Kola Peninsula beryllium minerals; chemical composition; mineral data; alkaline rocks; granite; pegmatites; hydrothermal veins; Kola Peninsula
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lyalina, L.M.; Selivanova, E.A.; Zozulya, D.R.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. Beryllium Mineralogy of the Kola Peninsula, RussiaA Review. Minerals 2019, 9, 12.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Minerals EISSN 2075-163X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top