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Open AccessArticle

Metal Removal from Acid Waters by an Endemic Microalga from the Atacama Desert for Water Recovery

1
Genesis Protector Foundation (GPF), Tres Oriente 362, La Serena Golf, 1700000 La Serena, Chile
2
Laboratorio Mesocosmos Marino, Centro de Bioinnovación de Antofagasta (CBIA), Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Recursos Biológicos, Universidad de Antofagasta, 1240000 Antofagasta, Chile
3
Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Procesos de Minerales, Universidad de Antofagasta, 1240000 Antofagasta, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2018, 8(9), 378; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8090378
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 21 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Acid Mine Drainage Recovery)
The environmental problems generated by waste from the mining industry in the mineral extraction for business purposes are known worldwide. The aim of this work is to evaluate the microalga Muriellopsis sp. as a potential remover of metallic ions such as copper (Cu2+), zinc (Zn2+) and iron (Fe2+), pollutants of acid mine drainage (AMD) type waters. For this, the removal of these ions was verified in artificial acid waters with high concentrations of the ions under examination. Furthermore, the removal was evaluated in waters obtained from areas contaminated by mining waste. The results showed that Muriellopsis sp. removed metals in waters with high concentrations after 4–12 h and showed tolerance to pH between 3 and 5. These results allow proposing this species as a potential bioremediator for areas contaminated by mining activity. In this work, some potential alternatives for application in damaged areas are proposed as a decontamination plan and future prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: Muriellopsis sp.; bioremediation; metallic ions; acid waters; removal Muriellopsis sp.; bioremediation; metallic ions; acid waters; removal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez, M.; Leyton, Y.; Cisternas, L.A.; Riquelme, C. Metal Removal from Acid Waters by an Endemic Microalga from the Atacama Desert for Water Recovery. Minerals 2018, 8, 378.

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