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Ammonium-Carbamate-Rich Organogels for the Preparation of Amorphous Calcium Carbonates

Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2017, 7(7), 110;
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 18 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
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Amine-CO2 chemistry is important for a range of different chemical processes, including carbon dioxide capture. Here, we studied how aspects of this chemistry could be used to prepare calcium carbonates. Chemically crosslinked organogels were first prepared by reacting hyperbranched polyethylene imine (PEI) dissolved in DMSO with carbon dioxide. The crosslinks of the organogel consisted of ammonium-carbamate ion pairs as was shown by IR spectroscopy. These carbamate-rich organogels were subsequently subjected to aqueous solutions of calcium acetate, and amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) precipitated. The ACC did not crystalize during the mixing for up to 20 h, as was shown by a combination of IR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and thermal analysis. Some PEI had been included or adsorbed on the ACC particles. Traces of calcite were observed in one sample that had been subjected to water in a work-up procedure. View Full-Text
Keywords: amine; carbon dioxide; ammonium-carbamate ion pairs; organogel; amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) amine; carbon dioxide; ammonium-carbamate ion pairs; organogel; amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC)

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Bacsik, Z.; Zhang, P.; Hedin, N. Ammonium-Carbamate-Rich Organogels for the Preparation of Amorphous Calcium Carbonates. Minerals 2017, 7, 110.

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