Next Article in Journal
Tripodal Podand Ligand with a Superhalogen Nature as an Effective Molecular Trap
Previous Article in Journal
A Family of Skew-Normal Distributions for Modeling Proportions and Rates with Zeros/Ones Excess
Previous Article in Special Issue
Study on Inside Threats Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process
Open AccessReview

Earth-to-Earth Microwave Rain Attenuation Measurements: A Survey On the Recent Literature

1
Electronics-Telecommunications and Applications Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
2
Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, University of Peloponnese, Acadimaikou G.K. Vlachou, 22100 Tripolis, Greece
3
Department of Electronic Physics and Systems, Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(9), 1440; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091440
Received: 10 July 2020 / Revised: 22 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information Technologies and Electronics)
Many works have been conducted relevant to rainfall measurements, while the first relevant ones were based on the power loss estimation function from wireless links located back to the early 1940s. It is notable, though, that this innovative idea conduced to many theoretical models correlating the signal attenuation to the rainfall intensity. This type of parameter strongly contributes to the mechanism of frequency attenuation above 10 GHz. Consequently, in the last twenty years, there has been a significant boost to this research topic. Researchers all around the world have worked thoroughly on the issue of estimating rain with the use of earth-to-earth microwave signal attenuation. Nevertheless, the issue remains intriguing and challenging. This paper presents a literature survey, of the last decade, on this challenging issue focusing on measurements from backhaul cellular microwave links and experimental setups. Research challenges and future trends are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave links; rain attenuation; measurements; signal propagation; experimental setups; backhaul cellular networks microwave links; rain attenuation; measurements; signal propagation; experimental setups; backhaul cellular networks
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Christofilakis, V.; Tatsis, G.; Chronopoulos, S.K.; Sakkas, A.; Skrivanos, A.G.; Peppas, K.P.; Nistazakis, H.E.; Baldoumas, G.; Kostarakis, P. Earth-to-Earth Microwave Rain Attenuation Measurements: A Survey On the Recent Literature. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091440

AMA Style

Christofilakis V, Tatsis G, Chronopoulos SK, Sakkas A, Skrivanos AG, Peppas KP, Nistazakis HE, Baldoumas G, Kostarakis P. Earth-to-Earth Microwave Rain Attenuation Measurements: A Survey On the Recent Literature. Symmetry. 2020; 12(9):1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Christofilakis, Vasilis; Tatsis, Giorgos; Chronopoulos, Spyridon K.; Sakkas, Alexandros; Skrivanos, Anastasios G.; Peppas, Kostas P.; Nistazakis, Hector E.; Baldoumas, Giorgos; Kostarakis, Panos. 2020. "Earth-to-Earth Microwave Rain Attenuation Measurements: A Survey On the Recent Literature" Symmetry 12, no. 9: 1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091440

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop